ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ga-Gn

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
John Gallimore - Sheffield John Gallimore - Sheffield John Gilbert & Sons
JOHN GALLIMORE
Sheffield
Active at 126-128 Eyre St. and Italian Works, 35-37 Matilda St (1876-1896)
William  Gallimore & Sons - Sheffield: Norwegian silver William  Gallimore & Co - Sheffield: Norwegian silver William  Gallimore & Sons - Sheffield: Norwegian silver William  Gallimore & Co - Sheffield William  Gallimore & Sons - Sheffield William  Gallimore - Sheffield William  Gallimore - Sheffield
an advertisement of  William  Gallimore & Sons - Sheffield an advertisement of  William  Gallimore & Co - Sheffield
WILLIAM GALLIMORE
WILLIAM GALLIMORE & CO
WILLIAM GALLIMORE & SONS
Sheffield
William Gallimore & Co active at 17-19 Arundel St, Sheffield (1863-1891). Succeeded to William Gallimore, 42 School Croft, Sheffield, who started electroplating in 1858. In 1891 the firm became William Gallimore & Sons until 1927 (transformed in Ltd in 1923)
The firm used the trade mark NORWEGIAN SILVER




Gamages - London
GAMAGES
London
the trade mark of a retailer department store active in London from 1878 to 1972
Garrard & Co Ltd Garrard & Co Ltd Regent Plate a trade mark of Garrard & Co Ltd Garrard & Co Ltd, London Garrard, Panton Street, London Garrard & Co, London Garrard & Co, London (possibly)
GARRARD & CO
GARRARD & CO LTD
London

Founder of the firm was John Wickes in 1722. In 1802 Robert Garrard (senior) took the control of the firm active in Panton Street, Haymarket, London. In 1818 he was succeed by his three eldest sons, Robert Garrard Jr, James Garrard and Sebastian Garrard trading as R, J & S. Garrard. The firm became R. & S. Garrard in 1835, R. & S. Garrard & Co in 1843 and Garrard & Co Ltd in 1909. In 1952 the firm was amalgamated with Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co Ltd. The firm used the trade mark REGENT PLATE previously used by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co.
Gamages - London
GASKELL & CHAMBERS LTD
Birmingham
Active at Dale End Works, Birmingham as Engineers, brass founders, pewterers, coppersmiths, barfitters and manufacturers of equipment for hotels and licences houses
Gee & Holmes - Sheffield Gee & Holmes - Sheffield
GEE & HOLMES LTD
Sheffield
Manufacturers of Table cutlery, Spoons & Forks, Canteens, Cased goods. Active at 41 Arundel Street, Sheffield (c. 1939).
Associated businesses were: Thomas Raynes Ltd, Musgrave & Co, Thomas Ibbotson & Co, L. Holmes & Co, A.E. Martin & Co, Gregory & Porter.
The firm used the trade marks SILVASEAL, ARMA and HERITAGE PLATE




George Gibbs - Birmingham
GEORGE GIBBS
Birmingham
platers since 1808
William Gibson & Co Ltd - Belfast William Gibson & Co Ltd - Belfast William Gibson & Co Ltd - Belfast
WILLIAM GIBSON & CO LTD
Belfast
A retailer active from 1888 at Donegall Place & Castle Place, Belfast and at 112, Regent Street, London (the latter is the address of Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co of which William Gibson was a founder).
The firm acted as retailer of Atkin Brothers wares
Gibson & Langman - London
GIBSON & LANGMAN
London
A business established in 1880 by William Gibson and John Lawrence Langman. In 1882 the partnership became The Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co.




Gieves Ltd - London Gieves Ltd - London Gieves Ltd - London Gieves Ltd - London
GIEVES LTD
London '
Established in 1785 as Gieve Matthews Seagrove, became Gieves Ltd after WWI. Active as Royal Naval Outfitters at 21 Old Bond Street, London (1928-1941, when suffered direct hit during the 'blitz'), with branches (1937) in Portsmouth, Portsea, Southsea, Southampton, Edinburgh, Plymouth, Charham, Weymouth, Liverpool, Malta and Gibraltar. In 1974, Gieves Ltd acquired Hawkes & Co. (est.1771) changing to Gieves and Hawkes Ltd. In 2002 the company was bought by USL Holdings Ltd. Note the mark dating to 1939 accompanied by the
'broad arrow' (symbol of British Government property)
John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert - Birmingham John Gilbert - Birmingham John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert John Gilbert John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert John Gilbert & Sons John Gilbert & Sons
JOHN GILBERT
JOHN GILBERT & CO LTD
JOHN GILBERT & SONS
Birmingham & London
Active from 1812 as 'Old Sheffield' maker. The firm was listed at 28 Legge Street,7 & 8 Bath Rw and 83-85 Ryland Street, Birmingham. In 1865 was listed as silversmith and electroplater at Ryland Street North, Birmingham with office at 25 Ely Place, Holborn, London. In c. 1880 the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style of John Gilbert & Co Ltd. Not yet enlightened relationships with Joseph Gilbert and the attribution of marks is hypothetical.




Joseph Gilbert - Birmingham
JOSEPH GILBERT
JOSEPH GILBERT & SONS & CO
Birmingham
Active from 1841 at Sun Works, Ryland Street, 61 Bissel Street and Gooch Street, Birmingham. Not yet enlightened relationships with John Gilbert and the attribution of marks is hypothetical. The firm used the trade mark ARGENTINA SILVER (but Argentina, or Merry's plate trade mark was claimed to be property of Edmund Heeley & Co)
Gilmour & Watson, Glasgow Gilmour & Watson, Glasgow
GILMOUR & WATSON
Glasgow
Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield Gladwin Ltd - Sheffield
GLADWIN LTD
Sheffield
Active at Montgomery Works, (1921-1925) and Embassy Works, (1926-1936). The firm used the trade marks BRIMET, AMBASSADOR PLATE and EMBASSY PLATE

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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