ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Ca-Cn

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|   
A.T. Cannon Ltd - Birmingham
A.T. CANNON LTD
Birmingham
Active at 214/224 Barr St, Hockley, Birmingham
John Bodman Carrington - London Carrington & Co - London Carrington & Co - London
CARRINGTON & CO
London
A business of retail silversmiths with manufacturing connections. John Bodman Carrington first listed in London in 1873 at 130 Regent Street (the London showroom of G.R. Collis & Co Birmingham). Until 1888, in partnership with Samuel Watton Smith, traded at 57 Cambridge Street Birmingham under the style of Collis & Co and S.W. Smith & Co. In 1880 the business at 130 Regent Street was restyled Carrington & Co. John Bodman Carrington retired in 1906 and the firm was managed by William Carrington Smith and converted into a Ltd in 1922. Later the firm became a subsidiary of The Collingwood Group Ltd
Cartwright, Hirons & Woodward- Birmingham A 1858 advertisement of Cartwright, Hirons & Woodward- Birmingham
CARTWRIGHT, HIRONS & WOODWARD
Birmingham
Active in 1858 at Atlas Silver and Electroplate Works, Great Charles St, Birmingham
W F Casewell - Birmingham
W.F. CASEWELL
Birmingham

Active c. 1893
Thomas Champion & Son - Sheffield
THOMAS CHAMPION & SON
Sheffield
Active at 37 High Street, Sheffield. In an advertisement published in a 1828 Directory the firm claimed "Established Upwards of 70 Years .... Manufacturer of Silver and Silver Plated Goods .... Britannia Metal Goods in all the varieties of Silver and Silver Plated Articles"




J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd - Birmingham J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd - Birmingham J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd - Birmingham J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd - Birmingham J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd - Birmingham
JOHN BISHOP CHATTERLEY
J.B. CHATTERLEY & SONS LTD
Birmingham
John Bishop Chatterley active from c. 1880 (later J.B. Chatterley & Sons Ltd until at least 1936) at Albert Works, New Town Rw and Pitsford St, Birmingham. Another known address is 87 Hatton Garden, London in the 1880s
Cheltenham & Co Ltd - Sheffield


CHELTENHAM & CO LTD
Sheffield
Trademark used by E.H. Parkin & Company, Sheffield. Mark used in the American market and distributed by The National Silver Company - New York (USA)
James Chesterman & Co Ltd - Sheffield James Chesterman - Sheffield James Chesterman & Co - Sheffield
JAMES CHESTERMAN & CO
JAMES CHESTERMAN & CO LTD
Sheffield
Active at Bow Works, Nursery St/Pomona Street, Sheffield
The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co - London The Alex Clark Manufacturing Co Ltd- London


THE ALEXANDER CLARK MANUFACTURING CO LTD
London
Business established by Clift Alexander Mawer Clark in 1891 at 138 Fenchurch Street, London. Manufacturing premises were opened in 1894 at 29 Market Place, Oxford Street. In 1900 the firm secured the use of Welbeck Works, Sheffield transferred in 1918 to James Street Works, St. Paul's, Birmingham. The firm was converted in 1912 in a limited liability company as the Alexander Clark Co Ltd. The firm used the trade mark WELBECK

ALEXANDER CLARK: HISTORY and MARKS


John Clarke & Sons Sheffield John Clarke & Sons Sheffield (possibly) John Clarke & Sons Sheffield John Clarke & Sons Sheffield (possibly)
JOHN CLARKE & SONS
Sheffield
Active at Harvest Lane (1894-1896), Mowbray Works, Mowray St (1897-1923). Converted into a Ltd in 1905
Clifford Bros - Birmingham
CLIFFORD BROS
Birmingham
c. 1911

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1500 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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