ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Co-Cz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|   
Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield: c.1926-1939 Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield (possibly) Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield (possibly) Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Ltd Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield Frank Cobb & Co Sheffield



FRANK COBB & CO
FRANK COBB & CO LTD
Sheffield
1905-c.1940 at 35-37 Howard St. Sheffield. They ceased producing electroplated wares in 1911. The firm used the trade mark PERIOD PEWTER (c.1926-1939)
D. George Collins Ltd - London an ancient advertisement od D. George Collins Ltd D. George Collins Ltd - London
D. GEORGE COLLINS
D. GEORGE COLLINS LTD
London
The business was commenced in 1896 by Daniel George Collins at 95/97 Newgate St, London and Works in Birmingham and Sheffield. In 1904 the firm was converted into a limited liability company (1904-1938). The firm used the trade mark MITRE
George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London George Richmond Collis & Co - Birmingham and London
GEORGE RICHMOND COLLIS
GEORGE RICHMOND COLLIS & CO
Birmingham and London
George Richmond Collis succeeded to Sir Edward Thomason in 1835 at 28 Curch Street, Birmingham moving in 1868 to Cambridge Street, Birmingham. In 1854 was opened a branch at 130 Regent Street, London. The firm was absorbed by S.W. Smith & Co in 1888.

GEORGE RICHMOND COLLIS: HISTORY & MARKS





J. Collyer & Co Ltd - Birmingham (possibly) J. Collyer & Co - Birmingham J. Collyer & Co Ltd - Birmingham J. Collyer & Co Ltd - Birmingham J. Collyer & Co Ltd - Birmingham




JOHN COLLYER & CO
JOHN COLLYER & CO LTD
Birmingham
Active at 133 Hockley Hill, Birmingham
Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield: 1948-1969 Cooper Brothers & Sons Ltd, Sheffield: from 1969 Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield: 1948-1969 Cooper Brothers Sheffield: from 1969 Cooper Brothers Sheffield: from 1969 Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield: from 1894 Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield Cooper Brothers Sheffield
COOPER BROTHERS
COOPER BROTHERS & SONS LTD
Sheffield
Active at 14 High St (1850-1871), Don Plate Works, Bridge St (1872-1885), 44 Arundel St (1886-1983). The firm became Cooper Brothers & Sons Ltd in 1895. In 1983 the business was acquired by Frank Cobb & Co Ltd


an ancient advertisement of Cooper Brothers, Sheffield a cutlery box of Cooper Brothers, Sheffield
Cooper Ludlam - Sheffield
COOPER LUDLAM
Sheffield
Co-operative Wholesale Society - Manchester (information courtesy Amanda Goulding) Co-operative Wholesale Society - Manchester (information courtesy Amanda Goulding)
CO-OPERATIVE WHOLESALE SOCIETY
Manchester
Founded in 1863, it produced the CWS Brand goods for co-operative societies throughout the UK including food, furniture, clothing and household products. In 2001 the name was changed to The Co-operative Group.
Corbell & Co Corbell & Co Corbell & Co



CORBELL & Company

Corbell & Company was established in London, England, in 1946. In 1951 Arthur Corbell moved to the United States and established Corbell & Company in Los Angeles. During the following years, the company expanded its activity throughout the United States, exhibiting its wide variety of merchandise in showrooms in Atlanta, Dallas, New York, Chicago and San Francisco, which were in addition to the headquarters in Los Angeles. Howard White purchased the company from Arthur Corbell in the fall of 2001 after moving to Los Angeles from England where he had been in the antique and reproduction hollowware business for over twenty-five years.
Creswick & Co -  Sheffield Creswick & Co -  Sheffield Creswick & Co -  Sheffield Creswick & Co -  Sheffield Creswick & Co -  Sheffield
CRESWICK & COMPANY
Sheffield
Formerly TJ & N Creswick. The "arrows" trademark was first registered in 1811 for Old Sheffield Plate production. The cross arrows trademark was later acquired by William Hutton & Sons in 1902. Electroplating began in 1852. The firm became Creswick & Co in 1855.
Culf & Kay - Sheffield: after 1946 Culf & Kay - Sheffield Culf & Kay - Sheffield
CULF & KAY
CULF & KAY (SHEFFIELD) LTD
Sheffield
Active from c. 1896 at 60 Wellington St (1922) and 63 St. Mary St, Sheffield. In 1946 A.C. Culf (son of the founder) re-established the business mainly as a pewter manufactory, having purchased the electroplate and pewter department from Harrison Fisher & Co. The firm became Ltd in 1948 and is still active in present days. The firm uses the trade mark CULFONIA (from 1946)
George Cutts - Sheffield George Cutts - Sheffield
GEORGE CUTTS
GEORGE CUTTS & SONS
Sheffield
Active at 53/57 Arundel Street (1857-1862), 29-35 Broad St Park (1862-1881). Became '& Sons' in 1882 at Park Britannia Metal & Silver Plate Works (1883-1896)

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....




WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1500 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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