ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS

WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MAKERS
created by Giorgio B. owner of
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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel or silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.
THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Wa-Wh
MAKER'S HISTORY
& MARK'S IMAGE
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MAKER'S HISTORY
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STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS | FIGURAL TRADE MARKS | ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS | DATING UK PATENT MARKS |
OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE | | ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS | WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS | MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS | EPNS - EPBM |
C.P. Walker & Co Ltd C.P. Walker & Co Ltd C.P. WALKER & CO LTD
not identified
James Walker - London James Walker - London JAMES WALKER
JAMES WALKER LTD
London
The firm was founded in c. 1902 by Sidney Sanders and William Metherell. From 1907 the firm operated as Sanders & Co and later acquired the name James Walker from a jewelers shop in Peckham (established in 1823). In the 1920s the company was dissolved forming two new companies, James Walker and Sanders & Co. In 1969 the two companies were amalgamated as James Walker, Jeweller. The James Walker group was sold off in 1984 to H. Samuel, becoming later part of the Ratners jewellery Company. The firm had its headquarters and workshop at Century House Streatham using the trade mark CENTURY PLATE
Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall NZ ltd Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield trade mark Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield Walker & Hall - Sheffield WALKER & HALL
Sheffield

The business was established in Sheffield in 1845 by George Walker. Becoming an assistant of Dr. John Wright who had conducted important experiments on electroplating Walker secured the royalty of electroplating for Sheffield. The business was joined by Henry Hall and became in 1853 Walker & Hall. The factory was at Howard Street, Sheffield, while showrooms were opened in 45 Holbornn Viaduct, London. Branches were opened in Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Newcastle, Cardiff, Belfast, Hull, Bristol, Melbourne and Adelaide (Australia), Cape Town (South Africa). Walker and Hall was converted into a limited liability company in 1920 under the style Walker & Hall Ltd and combined in 1963 under the British Silverware Ltd with Mappin & Webb and Elkington & Co. DISRAELI SILVER, FLAG PLATE, ORUBA, PALACE SILVER, SONORA SILVER were some trade marks used by the firm
Walker & Hall history and information page

Walker & Hall date letters

OLD IMAGES OF THE FACTORY


Walker & Hall Factory, 1891
Walker & Hall Factory, 1900
T.W. Ward -  Sheffield T.W. WARD
Sheffield
Active at Albion Works, Savile St, Sheffield (c.1853-1919). The firm used the trade mark BIRD IN HAND
W & S Ward - Manchester THOMAS WARD & SONS LTD
Sheffield
Active at Wardonia Works, Countess Rd, Sheffield (1928-1952). The firm used the trade mark WARDONIA PLATE
W. & S. Ward - Manchester W & S WARD
Manchester
Active at St. Mary Gate, Manchester (c.1858)
Waring & Gillow - Lancaster WARING & GILLOW LTD
Lancaster
A retailer business of a noted firm of English furniture manufacturers formed in 1897 by the merger of Gillow of Lancaster and Waring of Liverpool. The firm of Gillow's of Lancaster can be traced back to the luxury furniture and furnishings firm founded by Robert Gillow (1704–72) in 1730.
George Waterhouse & Co - Sheffield (possibly) George Waterhouse & Co - Sheffield (possibly) GEORGE WATERHOUSE & CO
Sheffield (possibly)
Watson & Gillott - Sheffield Watson & Gillot - Sheffield Watson & Gillot - Sheffield Watson & Gillot - Sheffield Watson & Gillot - Sheffield WATSON & GILLOTT
Sheffield

A partnership of William Watson and Herbert Gillott established in 1896. Cutlery manufacturers active at 23 Furnival St, (1897-1899) and Caledonia Plate Works 26 Eyre Lane, Sheffield (1900-1940)

SILVER ADVERTISEMENTS
William Webster - Sheffield WILLIAM WEBSTER
Sheffield

Succeeded to Webster & Johnson at Sycamore Works, 14 Sycamore St, Sheffield (1864-1897). Became William Webster & Son c. 1870
James Weir - Glasgow JAMES WEIR
Glasgow

Jewellers & silversmiths at Buchanan Street, Glasgow. The firm became J Weir Ltd after c1920
Weir & Sons, Dublin WEIR & SONS
Dublin

Founded in 1869 by Thomas Weir, Weir & Sons has grown to become one of Dublins best recognised retailers. The company is still a family run business and currently has fourth and fifth generation family members working in it
Daniel Welby & Co - London Daniel Welby & Co - London DANIEL WELBY & CO
London

active from 1897
Joseph westby & Co - Sheffield JOSEPH WESTBY & CO
Sheffield

Active at Times Buildings, Bow St, Sheffield (1900-1911). Joseph Westby succeeded to his father John Westby, active at 20 Cambridge St, Sheffield (since 1894)
W.H. Weston - Birmingham (possibly) W.H. WESTON
Birmingham (possibly)

Richard Hines trading as W.H. Weston at 115 Barr St (c. 1933-1937) and later at 38 Frederick St, Birmingham.
Wheaton & Bennett - London WHEATON & BENNETT
London

Possibly a retailer active at 104/108 Oxford Street, London
George Harry Whitaker - Sheffield George Henry Whittaker - Sheffield GEORGE HARRY WHITAKER
GEORGE HARRY WHITAKER & CO
Sheffield

Active at Pool Square, Fargate (1881-1885), Westfield Terrace (1886-1891), Cavendish St. and 17-21 Convent Walk (1892-1908), Wheeldon St (1909-1911)
Thomas White (possibly) Thomas White Thomas White Thomas White Thomas White Thomas White THOMAS WHITE
Sheffield
Active at 21 Westfield Terrace, Sheffield (1872-1891). Trade mark "The Squirrel"
According to another source the mark T.W refers to Thomas Woolley
E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....
Pelton Bros. Silver Plate Co. hallmarkRogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmark Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmark Devices of Old Sheffiel Plate Herrmann factory silver plate mark
American Silver Plate marks English Electroplate silver marks Old Sheffied Plate marks Continental European silver plate marks
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
London town marks Birmingham town marks Dublin town marks Edinburgh town marks glasgow town marks Sheffield town marks Exeter town marks
London Birmingham Dublin Edinburgh Glasgow Sheffield Chester
STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
MAKER'S MARKS
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ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF
MAKER'S MARKS
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This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1000 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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