THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER

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CANADA SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: B


There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
Benjamin Etter, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada F.S. QUEBEC F.S  mark, Francois Sasseville, Quebec 1797-1864
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
Canada National mark 1934-1978 Canada National mark after 1978

(click on the photo to enlarge image)

SILVERSMITH'S NAME

MARK - TOWN - DATE
BAILEY Geo.B.
G.B.
Montreal, Quebec
c.1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
BAKER T.H.
London, Ontario
c. 1880s/1970s
BARLOW Edouard
Ed BARLOW into a rectangle and pseudo English duty mark
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1830s

BARRY John
John Barry - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada John Barry - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada John Barry - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada John Barry - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
J.B. and N.B in two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
BARRY into a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Saint John, New Brunswick
Active c. 1830s/1860s at Germain Street and later in King Prince William Street, Saint John

BAUME Gustave
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1830s

BEAN John
J.B into a rectangle and pseudo English duty mark
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1830s

A.BEAUCHAMP Jeweller
A.B.
Montreal, Quebec
c.1860s/ 1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons

BEAUDRY Narcisse
N.BEAUDRY pseudo English duty mark STERLING
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1850s/1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons

BECKER CORNELIUS & CO
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1870s

BELLS W.M.
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1830s/1860s
BEGUAY Jean Baptiste
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1780s/1810s
BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
Trenton, Ontario Trenton, Ontario Trenton, Ontario
Trenton, Ontario
c. 1920s/1970s.
Flemish Copper is probably a style name for the non-silver plated wares of Benedict Proctor Mfg. Co. of Trenton, Ontario, Canada. They began in Toronto in 1913 and relocated to Trenton in 1917. The factory closed in 1982 and was demolished to make way for a park on the Trent River

BENNETT John B.
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1870s

BESSONETT J.S.B.
J.B.in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1820s/1830s

BEWES Daniel
Daniel Bewes, Quebec City, Canada
D.B into a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1840s/1850s



BIRKS HENRY & SONS Ltd
Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 1960 mark Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 1942 mark Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 1940 mark Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada: garb of wheat mark Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada

BIRKS and pseudo English hallmarks
BIRKS STERLING
H.B. & CO
H,B,& S
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1880s/1970s
Established by Henry Birks in 1879. The firm became Henry Birks & Sons in 1893. Incorporated as Henry Birks & Sons Ltd in 1905. The firm used the trade mark "Garb of wheat".
In 1925 Birks received permission from the London assay office to mark their sterling silver with a date letter that corresponded to the London assay office date letter. From this time most of their hollowware was marked with Birks Sterling (no serifs) and a set of pseudo hallmarks that included a sheaf of wheat (Trademarked by Birks), a lion passant, and a date letter that corresponded to the London date letter for the year of production.
Henry Birks & Sons - Montreal, Quebec, Canada: date letter table

BILSKY & Son
BILSKY & SON
Ottawa, Ontario
c. 1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons

BISHOP Henry
HGB in a rectangle
New Minas, Nova Scotia
c. 1860s

BLACHE René
René Blache, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
RB in script
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1810

BLACK William A. & Samuel
Black William & Samuel, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Black William & Samuel, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
WA & S into three rectangles and pseudo English duty mark
WM & S.BLACK into a rectangle and pseudo English duty mark
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s/1830s

BLACK, PARKER & BLACK
Black, Parker & Black, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
BP &B into a rectangle and pseudo English duty mark
Halifax, Nova Scotia
partnership of William Anderson Black (1788-1864), Samuel Black and Nathaniel Parker (1810-1812). William Anderson Black was partner from 1812 to 1825 with Samuel Black, from 1826 to 1831 with Benjamin Etter Black as WM A. BLACK & SON, from 1831 to 1853 with Benjamin Etter, William Lang and Martin Pinkney Black as BLACK & BROTHERS

BOHLE David
David Bohle - Montreal, Quebec, Canada
DB and MONTREAL into two rectangles
DB and pseudo English lion passant mark
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1830s/1870s

BOHLE Francis
F.B and pseudo English lion passant mark
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1840s/1860s

BOHLE Peter
Peter Bohle - Montreal, Quebec, Canada
PB into a square and pseudo English duty mark
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1780s/1860s. Brother of David Bohle
His silverware were also supplied to George Savage. In the late 1830s was in partnership with Robert Hendery

BOHLE & HENDERY
Bohle & Hendery - Montreal, Quebec, Canada
PB & RH into a square and pseudo English hallmark
Montreal, Quebec
Partnership of Peter Bohle and Robert Hendery (1850-1856)



BOIVIN Louis Philippe
Boivin Louis Philippe, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Boivin Louis Philippe, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Boivin Louis Philippe, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
LPB and pseudo English hallmarks
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1840s/1850s

BOLTON Thomas
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s/1840s

BOOTH John
John Booth - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Booth in script in a rectangle and pseudo lion passant
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1770s/1810s

BOURE Narcisse
N.B into a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1850s/1860s

BRAMLEY W.
W.BRAMLEY
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1880s/1890s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
BRAUN F.B.
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1850s

BREADNER MANUFACTURING CO.
Breadner Co Ltd - Hull, Quebec, Canada Breadner Co Ltd - Hull, Quebec, Canada

STERLING BM Co MADE in CANADA
Trenton, Ontario
c. 1900s

BREADNER Samuel
S.B. in script
Carleton Place, Ontario
c. 1900s

BREMER & NEWBURY
Hamilton, Ontario
c. 1850s



BROTHERS Wm.
WB in a rectangle
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1780s
BROWN M.S. & Co (Thomas Brown)
MSB & Co and pseudo English hallmarks
MSB & Co into three ovals and pseudo English hallmarks
M.S.BROWN & Co LTD HALIFAX STERLING
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1880s/1920s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
BROWN George Stairs
GSB in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax and Yarmouth, Nova Scotia
c. 1840s
BROWN Michael Septimus
MS BROWN & CO
Brown Michael Septimus, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Brown Michael Septimus, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Brown Michael Septimus, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
MSB in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
MSB & Co into an oval and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1840s/1886. Became MS Brown & Co in 1886. Absorbed by Birks in 1919.
BROWN T.B.
TBBROWN and HX into two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1800s
BROWN Thomas
Halifax, Nova Scotia
succeeded in the business to his uncle Michael Septimus Brown (c.1886)
BRUFF Charles Oliver
Charles Oliver Bruff, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada
C.O.B into a rectangle
Shelburne, Nova Scotia
b. 1735 in Talbot County, Md - d.1817 in Liverpool, NS. After the apprenticeship to his father James Earle Bruff in 1760/1763 he began working independently in New York City. After the outbreak of the revolution he worked in the 1780s in Shelburne, Nova Scotia
BURNS James
James Burns, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
J+B and N:B in two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1810s/1879s
BUTLER James
IB into an oval
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1750s



HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

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