THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVER
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CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: I - P
A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
NAME
MARK
MARK IMAGE
INFORMATION
IRELAND, Henry
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
ISSACHAR, W
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s/1850s
 
JEAN L'ORFÈVRE
 

 
 
Guernsey. The earliest recorded goldsmith in the Channel Islands. Died in 1309
 
KIRBY or KERBY, Francis
 
FKB
 
FKB mark, KIRBY or KERBY Francis
Jersey, active 1830s/1850s
 
KERBY, John
 
JK
 
 
Jersey, born 1759, died 1832
 
le LACHEUR, John
 

 
 
Guernsey, active 1870s
 
LAGARRIGUE, A
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1860s
 
LEE, H.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
LESLIE, Edwin
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1884/1917
 
LIMBOUR, Jacques
 
IL
 
 
Jersey, died 1791
 
de la LONDE, Sebastian
 

 
 
Jersey, born 1806, active 1850s/1860s
 
MAINE, Charles T.
 
CTM
 
 
Jersey, active c. 1890
 
MAINGY, Pierre
 
PM
 
PM mark, Pierre Maingy
Guernsey, born c. 1718, active c.1755/1775
 
MALLETT, John
 

 
 ..................................................
Jersey, active 1856/1924
 
MALLETT, Walter
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1884/1917
 
MANSELL, Thomas
 
TM
 
 
born c. 1683, of Guernsey origin, possibly active in London
 
MARCUS, R
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1837/1875
 
MARTIN
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
MASSERAN
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
le MASURIER,
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
MAUGER, George
 
GM
 
 
Jersey, born c. 1750, last recorded in 1823
 
MAUGER, Thomas David
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1730s/1790s
 
MESSERVY, Maximilian and François
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1st half of 17th c.
 
MITCHELL, James
 

 
 
Jersey, active end of 18th c.
 
MOURIN or MORIN, Thomas
 
TM
 
 
Jersey, active 1st half of 17th c.
 
NAFTEL, Elizabeth
 

 
 
Guernsey, born 1731, died 1809. She inherited in 1776 the business of her father Nicholas Blondell working with her sons Nicholas Andrew and Thomas
 
NAFTEL, Nicholas Andrew
 

 
 
Guernsey, born in 1762. He was the son of Elisabeth Naftel. Left Guernsey in 1784
 
NAFTEL, Thomas Andrew
 

 
 
Guernsey, born in 1759, died in the 1820s. He was the son of Elisabeth Naftel
 
NATHAM,
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1780s
 
NELSON,
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s
 
NICOLL, John
 

 
 
Guernsey, active 1st half of 15th c.
 
NICOLLE, Edmund
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1850s/1860s
 
OLLIVIER, Thomas A
 

 
 
Jersey, 1837/1875
 
OURRY or OUVRY, Lewis
 

 
 
born c. 1717, a Captain in the Jersey garrison, active in London as silversmith
 
OZANNE, Nicholas
 

 
 
Guernsey, notices in 2nd half of 18th c.
 
le PAGE, Jean I
 
IP
ILP
 
ILP mark, le PAGE Jean I and II ILP mark, le PAGE Jean I and II
Guernsey, active in 1820s
 
le PAGE, Jean II
 
IP
ILP
 
 
Guernsey, in business since 1826. Used the same marks of his father Jean I. The family business ended in 1940s
 
PERCHARD, Jean
 
JP
 
JP mark, Jean PERCHARD
Guernsey, born c. 1706, died 1758, active since c. 1726
 
PERCHARD, Matthew
 

 
 
Guernsey, born c. 1703. Active in London
 
PLUCK, Francis B
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1884/1924
 
PLUMMER, Samuel..
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s
 
POIGNAND, Hippolitus
 

 
 
Jersey, born c. 1761, worked in Calcutta until his death in 1805
 
POIGNAND, Louis
 

 
 
Jersey, died 1758
 
POIGNAND, Pierre
 
PP
 
 
Jersey, died 1826, active 1st quarter of 19th c.
 
POPE GENGE, J
 
JPG
 
 
Jersey, active 1870s
 
le PORC, Jean
 

 
 
Jersey, active mid 16th c.
 
du PORT, Jean-Pierre
 
ID
 
 
Guernsey, active 1770s/1780s
 
PYE, William
 

 
 
possibly Jersey, born c. 1670
 
HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
CANADIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
CHANNEL ISLANDS AND THEIR SILVER - A BRIEF HISTORY
mid 18th century Channel Islands map
The inhabited islands of the Channel Islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm (the main islands); Jethou, Brecqhou (Brechou), and Lihou. All of these except Jersey are in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, but the Minquiers, Écréhous, Les Dirouilles and Les Pierres de Lecq (the Paternosters), uninhabited groups of islets, are part of the Bailiwick of Jersey. Burhou and the Casquets lie off Alderney.

The islands were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy in 933. In 1066, William II of Normandy, a vassal to the king of France, invaded and conquered England, becoming William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror.

Since 1204, the loss of the rest of the monarch's lands in mainland Normandy has meant that the Channel Islands have been governed as separate possessions of the Crown.

The legal system of the islands was based on the Norman Grand Coutumier and many aspects of Norman law remain to the present day. Even after Normandy was lost to France and the islands came under the effective control of England, they still managed to maintain their own legal system, customs and privileges, these rights having been confirmed by successive monarchs since the 13th century. The system was however uncodified in Jersey until 1771 and from the 13th century islanders have maintained that such customs and privileges are theirs of right. The most important of these charters of ratification were granted by Edward III in 1341 and by Elizabeth I in 1559.
Large amounts of Channel Islands silver are unmarked in the presumption that there was no reason to mark pieces ordered by a customer to his goldsmith.

The London Goldsmiths' Company had no jurisdiction in the Channel Islands and there being no legal standard of metal in the Channel Islands other than that enacted in Jersey in 1771, the retailer had to take personal responsibility for what he was selling. This is perhaps the reason behind the practice of Channel Island goldsmiths of overstriking the marks of the original makers of the goods with their own.

The maker's mark on existing Channel Islands silver and gold often reflects French influence, for instance in the inclusion of a crown or a fleur de lis. They consists of two or three initials, representing the initial letters of maker's name, as in CWQ, for Charles William Quesnel. Occasionally the third letter represents a preposition, as in TDG, for Thomas de Gruchy; an article as in JLG, for John le Gallais or that of the last name broken up to provide an extra initial, as in FKB, for Francis Kerby (Kirby). This practice seems to derive from the tendency of many Channel Islanders to use three initials, because their last names (of French origin) carried le, la, de, de la, or du. The use of initial marks became obligatory in Jersey in 1771, when the Code des Lois (Code of Laws) was published.

A typical artifact of Channel Islands silver is the "Presentation Cup". These cups, commonly known as christening cups, of a type rarely seen in Britain, present substantial stylistic differences between the designs of the cups of Jersey and Guernsey.
Both cups have two handles, but the Jersey cup is about one and a half inches high and four inches in diameter while the Guernsey cup is approximately two and a half inches high and three inches in diameter with an everted or splayed out top. The Jersey cup is shallow while the Guernsey cup is much deeper.
Occasionally these cups have two set of initials engraved on the bowl and, following the French custom, may have been "marriage cups"
christening or marriage cup: maker PD Jersey



christening or marriage cup: maker Guillaume Henry, Guernsey c. 1760
 
BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


Old Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks
by Richard H. Mayne,
Print Holding & Investments Ltd, Jersey, 1969


 
Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks - by Richard H. Mayne
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -