THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER

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CANADA SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: M


There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
Benjamin Etter, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada F.S. QUEBEC F.S  mark, Francois Sasseville, Quebec 1797-1864
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
Canada National mark 1934-1978 Canada National mark after 1978

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
SILVERSMITH'S NAME
MARK - TOWN - DATE
MALONE William
Guelph, Ontario
c. 1850
MARKS N.M.
N.M. MARKS
Ottawa, Ontario
c. 1870s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MARION Solomon
Solomon Marion, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Marion in script and pseudo English hallmarks
Montreal, Quebec
1782-1830, active c. 1815-1830
MARSTERS R.U.
R.U.MARSTERS in a rectangle
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s/1840s
MARTYN Mrs John
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1850s
McCULLOCH John M.
John M. McCulloch, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
JMc in script in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
b. 1821 - d.1875. Apprenticed to Peter Nordbeck in 1837, beginning his business in 1844. Winner of awards for gold jewelry at the 1866 Paris Exhibition and for jewelry in native gold at the 1868 Nova Scotia Industrial Exhibition.
McDONALD Daniel
Daniel McDonald, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Daniel McDonald, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
MD in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c.1820


McLAUGHLIN Samuel
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1850s
McNOUGHT & LOWE
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1880s
McPHERSON David
D.M M.
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1840s/1900s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MELICK James Godfrey
JM and N:B in two  rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks, James Godfrey Melick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
JM and N:B in two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1800s/1850s
MELROSE George
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1840s
MERIDEN BRITANNIA COMPANY LTD
Meriden Britannia Company of Canada, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Meriden Britannia Company of Canada, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Meriden Britannia Company of Canada, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
M B Co and scales into a circle
Hamilton, Ontario
a subsidiary of International Silver Company of Canada incorporated in 1924 by International Silver Company.
MEVES Otto
O.MEVES and pseudo English hallmarks
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1850s/1870s
MEYER & BOLTON
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s/1840s


MEYER Franz F.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847
F.M. in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s/1840s
MIGNOWITZ Henry
HM and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Henry Mignovitz , Halifax - Nova Scotia 1826
HM in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1820s
MILLAR J.W. & Co
J.W.M. & CO
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MILLER & BREMNER
MILLER over BREMNER and pseudo English hallmarks
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1880s/1900s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MILLER D.
D.MILLER
Montreal, Quebec
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MORGAN C.P.
MORGAN into a 'crescent'
Truro, Nova Scotia
c. 1860s/1890s


MORIN Paul
P.M Paul Morin, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
P.M. in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1770s/1800s
MORPHY Edward M.
E.M.M. and pseudo English hallmarks
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1840s/1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MORRISON W.C.
W.C.M.
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1840s/1880s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
MUIR David
David Muir, Newfoundland, Canada
DM NF in two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
Newfoundland, Canada
c. 1845
MUNRO Alex
MUNRO and NB, Alex Munro, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
MUNRO or AM and NB in rectangles
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1750s/1820s
MUNRO John
IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864, Canada John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864, Canada
J MUNRO
IM + N.B into two rectangles and pseudo English hallmarks
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1810s/1860s
MURRAY Hugh S.
H.S.M.
London
c. 1860s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons



HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

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