THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CAPE COLONY SILVER

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Most of the images of Cape Silversmiths marks are available courtesy of Leopard Antiques, a site worthful of a visit by whoever is interest to the matter
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
JONES William
active c. 1850
JUNCK Johan Michael
active c. 1770
KEET Marthinus
born c. 1790 - active c. 1820/1860
KIHENBAUM Christian
born 1781 - active c. 1810s
KILIAN Johan Godlieb
born 1778 - active c. 1830s
KOCH August Christoffel
born 1775 - active c. 1810s/1820s
KRIJG Christoffel
active c. 1760
KRUGER Christiaan
active c. 1760/1770
KUHN Carl
active c. 1790
LITKIE Androes
active c. 1860
LITKIE Edward
active c. 1860
LITKIE and Son
active c. 1860
LOTTER Carel David
CDL into an oval mark, Carel David Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c.
CDL into an oval
The son of Wilhelm Godfried Lotter (1748) and Wilhelmina Margaretha Wentzel, baptized at the Cape on 23 August 1789. Married Catharina Dorothea van Echten in 1810. Documented activity as silversmith from 1812 to 1848.
Cape Colony 1815 c. hallmark



LOTTER Gerhardus
GL mark, Gerhardus Lotter, Cape Colony 1810 c.
GL
The son of Casparus Lotter and Johanna Catharina van Kerken, baptized at the Cape on 18 November 1764. Married Johanna Esterhuyzen on 1794. Died 1824 c.
Cape Colony 1810 c. hallmark
LOTTER Jan
I.L mark, Jan Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c. IL mark, Jan Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c. IL and flower mark, Jan Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c.
I.L
Possibly Johannes Matthias Lotter (1759) son of Johannes Casparus Lotter (1737). Activity documented 1813/1817
Cape Colony 1815 c. hallmark
LOTTER Johannes Casparus
JCL mark, Joannes Casparus Lotter c. 1760
JCL
born c. 1737 - active c. 1760
LOTTER Johannes Martinus
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Johannes Martinus Lotter, Cape Colony 1850 c. JML and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Johannes Martinus Lotter, Cape Colony 1850 c.
JML and English pseudo-hallmarks
The son of Willem Godfried Lotter (1748) and Wilhelmina Margaretha Wentzel. Baptized at the Cape on 23 December 1798. Activity as goldsmith and/or silversmith is known from 1844 to 1879
Cape Colony 1850 c. hallmark



LOTTER Matthias
(b Augsburg, c. 1700; d. Cape Town, 25 Dec 1751) was a South African silversmith of German birth. Evidence suggests that he worked in the Netherlands for a period before moving to the Cape, in the service of the Dutch East India Company, arriving on 30 December 1733. He set up business on his own on 4 October 1735. Although only nine pieces of silverware by Lotter are known, seven of which are in the Groote Kerk, Cape Town, he is the earliest Cape silversmith with sufficient pieces extant to permit an impression of his work to be formed. All the pieces closely follow patterns popular in western Europe at the end of the 17th century and early in the 18th. Two of his six children born at the Cape, Johannes Casparus Lotter (b 1737) and Willem Godfried Lotter (1748–1810), became silversmiths, as did his grandson Gerhardus Lotter (1764–1824)
from "The Grove Dictionary of Art"
LOTTER Solomon
active c. 1850/1870
LOTTER Willem
active c. 1850
LOTTER Willem Godfried
born c. 1748 - active c. 1770/1810
LOTTER Willem Godfried
WGL into an oval mark, Willem Godfried Lotter , Cape Colony 1820 c. WGL into an oval mark, Willem Godfried Lotter , Cape Colony 1820 c.
WGL into an oval
son of Willem Godfried (1748) - active c. 1810/1835
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
LOTTER Widow W.G.
active c. 1810s
MACDONALD Alexander
active c. 1810s
MACLACHLAN John
active c. 1820s/1830s



MARIANNY Auguste
active c. 1840s
MARSHALL Henry
active c. 1820s
MARTINSON George
active c. 1820s
MASSEY Charles
active c. 1855
MASSEY Edward
active c. 1855
MASSEY Edward and Company
active c. 1850s
MATTITZEN Jurgen Friederich
active c. 1760
MENT Friedrich Gabriel
active c. 1680
MENTZING Christian
active c. 1690
MOORE William
WM and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, William Moore , Cape Colony 1840 c.
WM and English pseudo-hallmarks
Active 1840-1863. Registered as Goldsmith and Jeweller (1841-1842) and silversmith (1842-1863)
Cape Colony 1840 c. hallmark



HALLMARKS OF BRITISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
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BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS



CAPE COLONY AND ITS SILVER - A BRIEF HISTORY

allegorical figure of Hope from the seal of the Groote Kerk in Cape Town
In South Africa, the Dutch were the first European colonists. The first Cape settlement was built in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company as a re-supply point and way station for Dutch vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and the East Indies.
The history of Cape Colony started with the founding of Cape Town by Dutch commander Jan van Riebeeck, working for the Dutch East India Company, known in Dutch as the "Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie" (VOC).
In 1795, France occupied the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands, the mother country of the Dutch East India Company. This prompted Great Britain to occupy the territory in 1795 as a way to better control the seas in order stop any potential French attempt to get to India. The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie transferred its territories and claims to the Batavian Republic (the Revolutionary period Dutch state) in 1798, and ceased to exist in 1799. Improving relations between Britain and Napoleonic France, and its vassal state the Batavian Republic, led the British to hand the Cape Colony over to the Batavian Republic in 1803 (under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens).
In 1806, the Cape, now nominally controlled by the Batavian Republic, was occupied again by the British after their victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg. The temporary peace between Britain and Napoleonic France had crumbled into open hostilities, whilst Napoleon had been strengthening his influence on the Batavian Republic (which Napoleon would subsequently abolish later the same year). The British hoped to keep Napoleon out of the Cape, and to control the Far East trade routes.
They set up a British colony on 8 January, 1806. Cape Colony remained under British rule until the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, when it became the Cape of Good Hope Province, better known as the Cape Province.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, some silversmiths in the service of the Dutch East India Company were present in the Cape. The "free" silversmiths had their shops incorporated into their homes, where they were also required to provide accommodation for Company servants on loan to them and apprentices in their service.
ancient map of Cape of Good Hope
Silversmiths continued to trade from their dwellings until the middle of the 19th century when separate business and residential addresses were listed in the directories for the first time.
Many silversmiths' families were linked by marriage. The number of marriages between silversmiths families would suggest that they were a very closely-knit group.
BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


- The Silversmiths and the Goldsmiths of the Cape of Good Hope 1625-1850, by Mollie N. Morrison, published by the author, Johannesburg 1936


- Cape Silver and Silversmiths, by Stephan Welz, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 1976
The Silversmiths and the Goldsmiths of the Cape of Good Hope 1625-1850, by Mollie N. Morrison Cape Silver and Silversmiths, by Stephan Welz
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This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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