THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVER
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CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: Q - Z
A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
NAME
MARK
MARK IMAGE
INFORMATION
QUENAULT, Jean
 

 
 
name given in older works of Jacques Quesnel
 
QUENOUILLERE, Adolphus.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1874/1917
 
QUESNEL, Charles William
 
CQ
CWQ
 
CWQ mark, Charles William Quesnel CWQ mark, Charles William Quesnel
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
QUESNEL, Jacques I
 
IQ

JQ

I.Q

JQ in script
 
JQ mark, Quesnel Jaques I and II JQ in script mark, Quesnel Jaques I and II I.Q mark, Quesnel Jaques I and II
Jersey, died 1821, in business since 1781
 
QUESNEL, Jacques II
 
IQ
JQ
 
 
Jersey, died 1843. In 1821 succeeded in the business his father Jaques I Quesnel using his marks
 
RATHBONE, J
 

 
 ..................................................
Jersey, active 1860s
 
RAY, John
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1884/1927
 
RICHARDS, Edmund
 

 
 
Guernsey, born in 1786, active 1800s/1810s
 
ROBILLARD, P
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
ROBILLIARD, Nicholas
 

 
 
Guernsey, active 1870s
 
ROBILLIARD, Walter Frank
 

 
 
Guernsey, active 1920s
 
ROBINSON, John
 

 
 
Guernsey, born c. 1696, active in London
 
ROGERS, T
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1860s
 
ROWLAND, Christopher
 

 
 ..................................................
possibly Jersey, late 17th c.
 
RUSSELL, Bruce
 
BR
 
Bruce Russell and Son mark: BR inside Guernsey outline
Guernsey. Bruce Russell and Son active since 1974 are the only surviving working silversmiths in the Channel Islands
Bruce Russel introduced in 1975 a date stamp alphabet hallmarking system (letter "A"). The letter "F" corresponding to 1980
RUSSELL, Simon
 
SR
 
 
son of Bruce Russell
 
SAINT, John James
 

 
 
active in London, 1687/1724
 
SAINT, Pierre
 
PS possibly
 
 
Jersey, active 1st half of 17th c.
 
SAMUEL, David.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s
 
Le SCELLEUR, C
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1860s
 
SEBIRE, P.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
SIMON,
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1850s
 
SMITH, James.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
TARONI
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1850s
 
THOREAU, James
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1740s/1790s
 
TOUTAIN, J R
 

 
 ..................................................
Jersey, active late 18th c.
 
TOUTAIN, Louis D
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1850s
 
TROUTAUD, Eugene
 

 
 
Guernsey, active 1874/1901
 
E H TROUTAUD & Sons
 

 
 
Guernsey, active since 1901
 
VAUGHAN, Mr
 

 
 
Jersey, active mid 17th c.
 
le VAVASEUR dit Durell, Philippe
 
PD
 
 
see DURELL
 
le VAVASEUR dit Durell, Thomas
 
TD
 
 
see DURELL
 
WALDEN, John
 

 
 
Jersey, 1874/1927
 
WALKER, J.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
WESTBROOK, W
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s
 
WHITE, G
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1860s
 
YOUNG, William
 
WY
 
 
Southampton and Jersey, active late 17th c.
 
HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
CANADIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
CHANNEL ISLANDS AND THEIR SILVER - A BRIEF HISTORY
mid 18th century Channel Islands map
The inhabited islands of the Channel Islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm (the main islands); Jethou, Brecqhou (Brechou), and Lihou. All of these except Jersey are in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, but the Minquiers, Écréhous, Les Dirouilles and Les Pierres de Lecq (the Paternosters), uninhabited groups of islets, are part of the Bailiwick of Jersey. Burhou and the Casquets lie off Alderney.

The islands were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy in 933. In 1066, William II of Normandy, a vassal to the king of France, invaded and conquered England, becoming William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror.

Since 1204, the loss of the rest of the monarch's lands in mainland Normandy has meant that the Channel Islands have been governed as separate possessions of the Crown.

The legal system of the islands was based on the Norman Grand Coutumier and many aspects of Norman law remain to the present day. Even after Normandy was lost to France and the islands came under the effective control of England, they still managed to maintain their own legal system, customs and privileges, these rights having been confirmed by successive monarchs since the 13th century. The system was however uncodified in Jersey until 1771 and from the 13th century islanders have maintained that such customs and privileges are theirs of right. The most important of these charters of ratification were granted by Edward III in 1341 and by Elizabeth I in 1559.
Large amounts of Channel Islands silver are unmarked in the presumption that there was no reason to mark pieces ordered by a customer to his goldsmith.

The London Goldsmiths' Company had no jurisdiction in the Channel Islands and there being no legal standard of metal in the Channel Islands other than that enacted in Jersey in 1771, the retailer had to take personal responsibility for what he was selling. This is perhaps the reason behind the practice of Channel Island goldsmiths of overstriking the marks of the original makers of the goods with their own.

The maker's mark on existing Channel Islands silver and gold often reflects French influence, for instance in the inclusion of a crown or a fleur de lis. They consists of two or three initials, representing the initial letters of maker's name, as in CWQ, for Charles William Quesnel. Occasionally the third letter represents a preposition, as in TDG, for Thomas de Gruchy; an article as in JLG, for John le Gallais or that of the last name broken up to provide an extra initial, as in FKB, for Francis Kerby (Kirby). This practice seems to derive from the tendency of many Channel Islanders to use three initials, because their last names (of French origin) carried le, la, de, de la, or du. The use of initial marks became obligatory in Jersey in 1771, when the Code des Lois (Code of Laws) was published.

A typical artifact of Channel Islands silver is the "Presentation Cup". These cups, commonly known as christening cups, of a type rarely seen in Britain, present substantial stylistic differences between the designs of the cups of Jersey and Guernsey.
Both cups have two handles, but the Jersey cup is about one and a half inches high and four inches in diameter while the Guernsey cup is approximately two and a half inches high and three inches in diameter with an everted or splayed out top. The Jersey cup is shallow while the Guernsey cup is much deeper.
Occasionally these cups have two set of initials engraved on the bowl and, following the French custom, may have been "marriage cups"
christening or marriage cup: maker PD Jersey



christening or marriage cup: maker Guillaume Henry, Guernsey c. 1760
 
BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


Old Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks
by Richard H. Mayne,
Print Holding & Investments Ltd, Jersey, 1969


 
Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks - by Richard H. Mayne
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -