THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVER
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CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: G - H
A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
NAME
MARK
MARK IMAGE
INFORMATION
GALE, G
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1860s
 
le GALLAIS, John
 
J.LG into three conjoined circles
 
J.LG into three conjoine circlesmark, John Le Gallais
in partnership with Thomas de Gruchy from 1831 to 1846. After the death of the partner he continued activity until 1874
 
GALLICHAN, Matthieu
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1790s
 
GALLICHAN, Edward John
 

 
 
Jersey, active since 1894
 
GALLICHAN, John
 

 
 
Jersey, born 1827, active 1850s/1870s
 
GAVEY, Edouard
 
EG
 
possibly Jersey,
active in London in mid 18th c.
 
GAVEY, Jean
 
IG
 
 ..................................................
Jersey, active 18th c.
 
GENGE, JP
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1870s/1890s
 
GIRARD, Jean
 
IG
possibly  
 
 
Jersey, active 17th c.
 
GODFREY, W.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1850s
 
GORDON, Samuel
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1780s
 
(le) GOUPILLOT, Bienaimé A.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1840s/1850s
 
(le) GOUPILLOT, E.
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1840s
 
(le) GOUPILLOT, John
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1830s/1850s
 
(le) GOUPILLOT,
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1845
 
(de) GRUCHY, Jean
 
IG crowned possibly
 
IG crowned mark, possibly Jean de GRUCHY
Jersey c. 1729/1750
 
de GRUCHY, John II
 

 
 
Jersey, possibly active in London, 2nd half 18th c.
 
de GRUCHY, John III
 
IDG
 
 
possibly Jersey, 2nd half 18th c.
 
de GRUCHY, Thomas
 
TDG
 
TDG mark, Thomas de GRUCHY
Jersey, born 1776, died 1846. Active since 1822, in partenership with John le Gallais from 1831
 
de GRUCHY, Thomas and
le GALLAIS, John
 
TDG over JLG
into three conjoined circles
 
TDG over JLG mark, Thomas de GRUCHY & John le Gallais
partnership of Thomas de Gruchy & John le Gallais
 
GUILLEMOTTE, Colas
 

 
 
Guernsey, active mid 16th c.
 
HAMON, George I
 
GH
 
 
Jersey, died c. 1810. Active since 1774
 
HAMON, George (Helier) II
 
GH crowned
 
GH crowned mark, HAMON, George (Helier) II
GH crowned mark, HAMON, George (Helier) II
Jersey, active 1810s/1830s
 
HÉBERT, Abraham
 
AH
 
 
Jersey, active 2nd half 18th c.
 
HENRY, Guillame
 
GH crowned
R
 
GH crowned mark, HENRY Guillame
Guernsey, active 1720/1767
 
HENRY, Pierre
 

 
 
a Guernsey silversmith active in London 1670/1717
 
HOCQUARD, John Edward
 

 
 
Jersey, active since 1809. The business continued after his death until the last quarter of 19th c.
 
HOLINSHED, H
 

 
 
Jersey, purchased the business of John le Gallais in 1874. The business was sold in 1890
 
HOLLINSHED, Frederick
 

 
 
Jersey, active 1870s/1880s
 
HYATT,
 

 
 
Jersey, active c. 1845
 
HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
CANADIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
CHANNEL ISLANDS AND THEIR SILVER - A BRIEF HISTORY
mid 18th century Channel Islands map
The inhabited islands of the Channel Islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm (the main islands); Jethou, Brecqhou (Brechou), and Lihou. All of these except Jersey are in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, but the Minquiers, Écréhous, Les Dirouilles and Les Pierres de Lecq (the Paternosters), uninhabited groups of islets, are part of the Bailiwick of Jersey. Burhou and the Casquets lie off Alderney.

The islands were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy in 933. In 1066, William II of Normandy, a vassal to the king of France, invaded and conquered England, becoming William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror.

Since 1204, the loss of the rest of the monarch's lands in mainland Normandy has meant that the Channel Islands have been governed as separate possessions of the Crown.

The legal system of the islands was based on the Norman Grand Coutumier and many aspects of Norman law remain to the present day. Even after Normandy was lost to France and the islands came under the effective control of England, they still managed to maintain their own legal system, customs and privileges, these rights having been confirmed by successive monarchs since the 13th century. The system was however uncodified in Jersey until 1771 and from the 13th century islanders have maintained that such customs and privileges are theirs of right. The most important of these charters of ratification were granted by Edward III in 1341 and by Elizabeth I in 1559.
Large amounts of Channel Islands silver are unmarked in the presumption that there was no reason to mark pieces ordered by a customer to his goldsmith.

The London Goldsmiths' Company had no jurisdiction in the Channel Islands and there being no legal standard of metal in the Channel Islands other than that enacted in Jersey in 1771, the retailer had to take personal responsibility for what he was selling. This is perhaps the reason behind the practice of Channel Island goldsmiths of overstriking the marks of the original makers of the goods with their own.

The maker's mark on existing Channel Islands silver and gold often reflects French influence, for instance in the inclusion of a crown or a fleur de lis. They consists of two or three initials, representing the initial letters of maker's name, as in CWQ, for Charles William Quesnel. Occasionally the third letter represents a preposition, as in TDG, for Thomas de Gruchy; an article as in JLG, for John le Gallais or that of the last name broken up to provide an extra initial, as in FKB, for Francis Kerby (Kirby). This practice seems to derive from the tendency of many Channel Islanders to use three initials, because their last names (of French origin) carried le, la, de, de la, or du. The use of initial marks became obligatory in Jersey in 1771, when the Code des Lois (Code of Laws) was published.

A typical artifact of Channel Islands silver is the "Presentation Cup". These cups, commonly known as christening cups, of a type rarely seen in Britain, present substantial stylistic differences between the designs of the cups of Jersey and Guernsey.
Both cups have two handles, but the Jersey cup is about one and a half inches high and four inches in diameter while the Guernsey cup is approximately two and a half inches high and three inches in diameter with an everted or splayed out top. The Jersey cup is shallow while the Guernsey cup is much deeper.
Occasionally these cups have two set of initials engraved on the bowl and, following the French custom, may have been "marriage cups"
christening or marriage cup: maker PD Jersey



christening or marriage cup: maker Guillaume Henry, Guernsey c. 1760
 
BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


Old Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks
by Richard H. Mayne,
Print Holding & Investments Ltd, Jersey, 1969


 
Channel Islands Silver, its Makers and Marks - by Richard H. Mayne
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -