THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CAPE COLONY SILVER

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Most of the images of Cape Silversmiths marks are available courtesy of Leopard Antiques, a site worthful of a visit by whoever is interest to the matter
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
NELSON Hendrik
active c. 1850
NIESTAD Carel David
born c. 1797 - active c. 1820s
PAL Elmer
active c. 1700
PARDY J.
active c. 1870s
PRINZ Martinus
active c. 1715
PROBART Samuel
active c. 1830s
RADMALL Thomas
active c. 1840s/1850s
ROEHLIN BROTHERS
active c. 1855
ROEHLIN Johannes Carel
active c. 1856/1877
ROEHLIN C.L.
active c. 1890



ROGIERS Tobias
born 1728 - active c. 1750/1770
ROSE John
active c. 1820
SANDO Pierre
active c. 1750
SCHLOSSER August Cristoffel
AS mark, SCHLOSSER August Cristoffel, (in this case coupled to Godfried Fredrik Schimtzdorff symbol), Cape Colony
active c. 1811/1840
SCHMIDT Daniel Heinrich
DHS mark, Daniel Heinrich, Cape Colony, 1790s/1810s
Arrived in Cape Colony in 1768 from Germany (Strelitz).
Married Helena Elizabeth Bastroo in 1779. Died in 1811.
Active c. 1790/1810
SCHMITZDORFF Godfried Fredrik
symbol mark, SCHMITZDORFF Godfried Fredrik, Cape Colony symbol mark, SCHMITZDORFF Godfried Fredrik
born c. 1777 - active c. 1810s
SLOSSER Hendrik
active c. 1815
SMEDINGA Reijnier Everts
born 1698 - active c. 1720
SMIT Jan
active c. 1725
SMITH Martinus Lourens
MLS between two fleur de lys  mark, Martinus Louren Smith, Cape Colony 1800 c.
MLS between two fleur de lys
Arrived at the Cape on 27 October 1757 from Aalborg, Denmark. Died on 18 March 1806.
Cape Colony 1800 c. hallmark
STANLEY Francis
active c. 1820s/1830s
STANLEY Frank
active c. 1830s/1840s
STEPHENSON Thomas
TS and English pseudo hallmarks, Thomas Stephenson, Cape Colony 1840 c.
TS and English pseudo hallmarks
Quoted also as Thomas Stevenson
active c. 1840s/1860s



STERLING Francis
active c. 1825
STEYN Jan Coenraad
born c. 1783 - active c. 1830
STRATH G.M.
active c. 1855
STURGIS John Everett Samuel
active c. 1860
THOMAS Christian
active c. 1815
THOMAS J.M.
active c. 1815
THOMASS Jean Marie Francois
active c. 1815
STANLEY Francis
active c. 1840
TILDERSLEY
active c. 1830s/1840s



TOWNSEND John
JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c. JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c. JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c. JT and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, John Townsend , Cape Colony 1830 c.
JT and English pseudo-hallmarks
Active 1824-1841



Cape Colony 1830 c. hallmark
TOWNSEND Thomas Lock
active c. 1815/1849
TWENTYMAN Lawrence Holme
L.T and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c. L.T and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c. L.T and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c. English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c. English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c. L.T and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lawrence Twentyman, Cape Colony 1830 c.
L.T and English pseudo-hallmarks
Born on 5 May 1793 in Liverpool, he was the son of John Middleton Twentyman and Phoebe Holme. After an apprenticeship as a clock and watchmaker he arrived at the Cape on 12 June 1818. In 1821 he married Betsy Burrell. He left the Cape in 1832 returning for short periods in 1835, 1837, 1844 and in 1846. The firm was described as Twentyman & Co (1832) and Twentyman and Warner (1842-1844) continuing the trade under various styles until 1887 but no mention of watchmaking or silversmithing activity is known after 1837.
Cape Colony 1830 c. hallmark
TWENTYMAN William
active c. 1825



HALLMARKS OF BRITISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
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THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTLAND (PROVINCIAL) - CHANNEL ISLANDS - CANADA - AUSTRALIA - CAPE
THE DIRECTORY OF
SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CHANNEL ISLANDS
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CANADA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
AUSTRALIA
SILVER
THE DIRECTORY OF
CAPE COLONY
SILVER

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS



CAPE COLONY AND ITS SILVER - A BRIEF HISTORY

allegorical figure of Hope from the seal of the Groote Kerk in Cape Town
In South Africa, the Dutch were the first European colonists. The first Cape settlement was built in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company as a re-supply point and way station for Dutch vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and the East Indies.
The history of Cape Colony started with the founding of Cape Town by Dutch commander Jan van Riebeeck, working for the Dutch East India Company, known in Dutch as the "Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie" (VOC).
In 1795, France occupied the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands, the mother country of the Dutch East India Company. This prompted Great Britain to occupy the territory in 1795 as a way to better control the seas in order stop any potential French attempt to get to India. The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie transferred its territories and claims to the Batavian Republic (the Revolutionary period Dutch state) in 1798, and ceased to exist in 1799. Improving relations between Britain and Napoleonic France, and its vassal state the Batavian Republic, led the British to hand the Cape Colony over to the Batavian Republic in 1803 (under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens).
In 1806, the Cape, now nominally controlled by the Batavian Republic, was occupied again by the British after their victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg. The temporary peace between Britain and Napoleonic France had crumbled into open hostilities, whilst Napoleon had been strengthening his influence on the Batavian Republic (which Napoleon would subsequently abolish later the same year). The British hoped to keep Napoleon out of the Cape, and to control the Far East trade routes.
They set up a British colony on 8 January, 1806. Cape Colony remained under British rule until the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, when it became the Cape of Good Hope Province, better known as the Cape Province.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, some silversmiths in the service of the Dutch East India Company were present in the Cape. The "free" silversmiths had their shops incorporated into their homes, where they were also required to provide accommodation for Company servants on loan to them and apprentices in their service.
ancient map of Cape of Good Hope
Silversmiths continued to trade from their dwellings until the middle of the 19th century when separate business and residential addresses were listed in the directories for the first time.
Many silversmiths' families were linked by marriage. The number of marriages between silversmiths families would suggest that they were a very closely-knit group.
BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


- The Silversmiths and the Goldsmiths of the Cape of Good Hope 1625-1850, by Mollie N. Morrison, published by the author, Johannesburg 1936


- Cape Silver and Silversmiths, by Stephan Welz, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 1976
The Silversmiths and the Goldsmiths of the Cape of Good Hope 1625-1850, by Mollie N. Morrison Cape Silver and Silversmiths, by Stephan Welz
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