THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER

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CANADA SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: P - Q


There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
Benjamin Etter, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada F.S. QUEBEC F.S  mark, Francois Sasseville, Quebec 1797-1864
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
Canada National mark 1934-1978 Canada National mark after 1978

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
SILVERSMITH'S NAME
MARK - TOWN - DATE
PAGE Amos
AP and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Amos Page, Amherst - Nova Scotia 1803-1895
AP in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Amherst, Nova Scotia
c. 1800s/1890s
PAGE Bros
PBs lion StJ, Page Bros, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
PAGE BROS in a rectangle
PBs 'lion' StJ
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1850s/1870s
PAGE David
Truro, Nova Scotia
c. 1770s/1840s


PAGE Jacques
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1680s/1740s
PAGE SMALLEY & FERGUSON
PAGE SMALLEY & FERGUSON in rectangles
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1870s/1880s
PAGE Thomas
PAGE BROTHERS mark, Page Thomas, Amherst - Nova Scotia 1840
PAGE BROS in a rectangle
Amherst, Nova Scotia
c. 1840s
PARADIS Roland
RP into a shield under a crown
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1690s/1750s


PEACOCK Henry
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1850s/1890s
PELTON
PELTON
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1880s/1900s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
PETERSEN Karl Poul
Petersen - not identified Petersen - not identified
PP or PETERSEN HAND MADE STERLING
Montreal, Quebec
Carl Poul Petersen was born in Denmark in 1895 died in Montreal in 1977. He apprenticed with Georg Jensen between 1908 and 1913, and eventually became a Master Silversmith himself. He married Jensen's daughter, Inger, in 1922. Then they moved to Montreal, Canada in 1929 at the very start of the depression and was employed by Henry Birks & Son as their master goldsmith in 1932. Briefly independent (1937 to 1939) he returned to Birks in 1939. Five years later he left Birks, and started his own business, which remained in operation until 1975. He crafted jewellery, flatware, tea sets, serving pieces, bar sets, etc. They are all of very high quality, and are highly collectible.
POST Jordan
POST
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1770s/1850s


POULIN & CO P.E
P.EP or POULIN and pseudo English hallmarks
Ottawa and Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1860s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
POWIS Thomas
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1780s



HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

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