THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER

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ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF
SILVER AND SILVERPLATE MARKS


There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
Benjamin Etter, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada F.S. QUEBEC F.S  mark, Francois Sasseville, Quebec 1797-1864
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
Canada National mark 1934-1978 Canada National mark after 1978

(click on YELLOW NAME for details)

MARKS...................................MAKERS

ACME SILVER PLATE CO ............................. ACME SILVER CO. (THE)
A & J HAY and pseudo English marks ....................................... HAY A&J
A.B. ................... A.BEAUCHAMP Jeweller
A.C.J. & B. ....................................... JOHNSON A.C. & BROS
A.H and pseudo English mark ....................................... HARDY Anselme
A.K. & S. ....................................... KENT Ambrose & Son
A.S. HAY. and pseudo English marks ....................................... HAY Albert Stephen
aladdin lamp (fidural) ....................................... JACOBY BROS Ltd
AM and NB ........................ MUNRO Alex
AP and pseudo English marks ....................................... PAGE Amos
AR and pseudo English marks ....................................... ROSS Adam
AT and pseudo English marks ....................................... TROUP Alexander
B.ETTER ........... ETTER Benjamin
B.HURD .............. HURD Benjamin
B.P. CO .................. BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
B.W ....................................... WOLHAUPTER Benjamin
BARRY and pseudo English marks ....................................... BARRY John
BBE ....................................... ETTER B.B.
BE and H N S ...................... ETTER Benjamin
BE and pseudo English marks ....................................... ETTER Benjamin
BENEDICT PROCTOR .................. BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
BH ....................................... HURD Benjamin
BILSKY & SON .............. BILSKY & Son
BIRKS and pseudo English marks ....................................... BILSKY & Son
BIRKS STERLING ....................................... BIRKS HENRY & SONS Ltd
Booth in script and pseudo lion passant ....................................... BOOTH John
BP & B and pseudo English mark ....................................... BLACK, PARKER & BLACK
C.&J. ALLEN ...................... ALLEN C. & J.
C.A ....................................... ADDISON Charles
C.A in script ................... ARNOLDI Charles
C.A.O ................... OLMSTEAD Charles A.
C.E.R ....................................... REDFERN C.E
C.LAMOND FILS ....................................... LAMOND C. FILS
C.O.B ........................ BRUFF Charles Oliver
CANADA MFG CO and pseudo English marks ................. CANADA MANUFACTURING CO
CARON FRERES ....................................... CARON BROS
CORNELIUS BECKER & CO ................ NOVA SCOTIA SILVER C.B. & Co
D & S and 'canoe' ....................................... DWIGHT & SAVAGE
D.B and pseudo English marks ....................................... BEWES Daniel
D.M M. ................. McPHERSON David
D.SAVAGE and pseudo English marks ....................................... SAVAGE David
D.W. and NB and pseudo English mark ....................................... WARLOCK Daniel O.L.
DB and MONTREAL ....................................... BOHLE David
DB and pseudo English mark ....................................... BOHLE David
DG ....................................... GANO David
DHW and pseudo English mark .................... WHISTON David Hudson
DL and SJ and pseudo English marks ....................................... LORD Daniel
DM NF and pseudo English marks ....................................... MUIR David
E into a maple leaf ....................................... ELLIS & COMPANY P.W.
E&T.S and pseudo English marks ....................................... SPIKE Thomas Daniel
E.D. TISDALE & Son and STERLING ....................................... E.D. TISDALE & SON
E.M.M. and pseudo English marks ....................................... MORPHY Edward M.
ECCO G.F ....................................... ELECTRIC CHAIN COMPANY
ECCO STER ....................................... ELECTRIC CHAIN COMPANY
ECCO STERLING ....................................... ELECTRIC CHAIN COMPANY
Ed BARLOW and pseudo English mark ....................................... BARLOW Edouard
EMC intertwined into a lozenge .................. BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
ES and pseudo English marks ....................................... SPIKE Edmund Lloyd
Essay in scrpt ....................................... STANLEY & AYLWARD LTD


F over DL ....................................... DELIQUE Charles François
F.B and pseudo English mark ....................................... BOHLE Francis
F.M. and pseudo English marks ....................................... MEYER Franz F.
F.R .................. RANVOYZE Ignace Francois
F.S and QUEBEC ....................................... SASSEVILLE Francois
F.W.S and English pseudo marks ..................... SPANENBERG Frederick W.
F.W.S.&B .................... SARK F.W. & BROS
FLEMISH COPPER .................. BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
FR .................. RANVOYZE Ignace Francois
G + a beaver and pseudo English marks .............. GOLDSMITH STOCK COMPANY OF CANADA LTD
Grigg in script ....................................... GRIGG William
G S and pseudo English mark ....................................... SAVAGE George
G.B ....................................... BAILEY Geo.B.
G.G.R &CO and English pseudo marks ........... ROBINSON George G. & CO
G.L.DARLING and pseudo English marks ....................................... DARLING George Lacy
G.S ....................................... SEIFERT Gustavus
G.SEIFERT QUEBEC ....................................... SEIFERT Gustavus
G.SEIFERT STERLING ....................................... SEIFERT Gustavus
G.W. iand pseudo English marks ....................................... WITAM George
G.WARREN ........................... WARREN G.
GARD .................. GARD Thomas Dapleton
GH ................ HUTCHINSON John G
Grigg in script ................... GRIGG William
GS ................... STHEPANIS Gothelf
GS&.S in a rectangle and pseudo English mark ................. SAVAGE George & Son
GSB and pseudo English marks ....................................... BROWN George Stairs
GZ and pseudo English marks ....................................... GROTHE Z.
H & L and pseudo English marks ....................................... HENDERY & LESLIE
H & L STERLING ....................................... HENDERY & LESLIE
H & P and pseudo English marks .................. HOSTERMAN & PARKER
H and Canada National mark .................. HOUGHTON SILVERWARE AND PLATING LTD
H.&A.S ................ SAUNDERS H & A. Jewellers
H.B.& CO ....................................... " BIRKS HENRY & SONS Ltd"
H.B.& S ....................................... " BIRKS HENRY & SONS Ltd"
H.I and pseudo English mark .............. HANNA James Godfrey
H.J and pseudo English lmarks ....................................... JACKSON Henry
H.J.TORONTO ....................................... JACKSON Henry
H.S.M. .......................... MURRAY Hugh S.
HEMMING MONTREAL ............ HEMMING MANUFACTURING CO
HGB ....................................... BISHOP Henry
HM and pseudo English marks ....................................... MIGNOWITZ Henry
HUTCHINSON over ST.JOHN N.B ....................................... HUTCHINSON John G
I.A .................. AMIOT JEAN NICOLAS
I.H and pseudo English mark ..................... HANNA James Godfrey
IA .................. AMIOT JEAN NICOLAS
IAD and pseudo English lion mark .................. DWIGHT James Adams
IB ....................................... BUTLER James
INDESTRUCTO .................. BENEDICT PROCTOR MFG. CO
IO ....................................... ORKNEY James
IR and pseudo English marks ....................................... ROSS J.
IS or SI and pseudo English marks .................. SMELLIE James
IS and IO and pseudo English lion passant mark ................. SASSEVILLE & ORKNEY
J CORNELIUS and pseudo English marks ....................................... CORNELIUS Julius
J CORNELIUS STERLING ....................................... CORNELIUS Julius
J MUNRO ..................... MUNRO John
J.A and pseudo lion passant ....................................... AGNEW James
J.A. ....................................... ALLEN Josiah
J.A.D and pseudo English marks ....................... DWIGHT James Adams
J.A.H. ....................................... HERSEY John A
J.B and pseudo English mark ....................................... BEAN John
J.B. and N.B and pseudo English marks ....................................... BARRY John
J.B. and pseudo English marks ....................................... BESSONETT J.S.B.
J.B.W ........................... WILLIAMSON J.B.
J.C and pseudo English marks ....................................... CORNELIUS Julius
J.C.C ....................................... COPP John C.
J.F. ....................................... FROLAND J.
J.F.C and pseudo English marks ....................................... CARTER J.F.
J.FROLAND ....................... FROLAND J.
J.G.J & CO .................... JOSEPH & Co J.G.
J.GJ and pseudo English marks ...................... JOSEPH Joda G.
J.H.J. & Co ..................... JONES J.H. & CO
J.H.T and pseudo English marks ................... TOLER Joseph
J.L. and pseudo English marks ....................................... LESLIE John
J.LESLIE ....................................... LESLIE John
J.R and pseudo English mark ....................... ROBINSON & Co Joseph
J.R.H. & CO ................... HARPER J.R. & CO
J.Spahnn ........................ SPAHN Justin
J.W and pseudo Englishmark ....................................... WANLESS John
J.W.M. & CO ...................... MILLAR J.W. & Co
J+B and N:B and pseudo English marks ....................................... BURNS James
JE and pseudo English marks ....................................... EASTWOOD James
JEE & Co STERLING and pseudo English marks ..................... ELLIS James E. & CO
JEE over T and pseudo English marks ....................................... ELLIS James E.
JF over L ....................................... LANDRON Jean Francois
JGJ & CO beaver and pseudo English marks ......... JOSEPH & Co J.G.
JH in script F.D and pseudo English mark ......... HANNA & DELAGRAVE
JL and pseudo English marks ....................................... LANFGFORD Jamess J.
JL in script ................. LUCAS Joseph
JMc in script and pseudo English marks ....................................... McCULLOCH John
JOHN WANLESS & CO ....................................... WANLESS John
JW&S and English pseudo marks ....................................... WOOD John & Son


K squirrel and lion (figural) ................ KENT & SONS LTD, Ambrose
K.T ....................................... KERR & THORNE
KENT BROS. and pseudo English marks ....................................... KENT BROS.
KERR & THORNE ....................................... KERR & THORNE
L in script BR OS ....................................... LIPMAN-LEVINTER INDUSTRIES LTD
L under a beaver (figural) ....................................... LEES George H.
L&A and pseudo English marks ....................................... LOWE & ANDERSON
L.A ....................................... AMIOT Laurent
L.A and QUEBEC ..................... LAFRANCE Ambroise
LA ....................................... AMIOT Laurent
LASH & CO ....................................... LASH J.B.
LF intertwined ....................................... LAMOND C. FILS
LH and lion facing right ....................................... HALLIDAY L.
LH and pseudo English marks ....................................... HULSMAN Louis
LOWE & CO .................. LOVE & CO
LPB and pseudo English mark ....................................... BOIVIN Louis Philippe
M.A and MONTREAL ....................................... ARNOLDI Michael
M + N.B and pseudo English marks ....................................... MUNRO John
M B Co and scales ....................................... MERIDEN BRITANNIA COMPANY LTD
M surrounded by a C ....................................... CARMICHAEL WILLIAM MAURICE
M.C. ....................................... COCHENTHALER M, Jeweller
M.COCHENTHALER ....................................... COCHENTHALER M, Jeweller
M.GAGE ................... GAGE Matthew
M.L.GURD ................... GURD M.L. Jeweller
M.S.BROWN & Co LTD HALIFAX STERLING ..... BROWN M.S. & Co (Thomas Brown)
MA and MONTREAL ....................................... ARNOLDI Michael
MADE BY J.D.CAMIRAND & Co ....................................... CAMIRAND J.D. & Co
Marion in script and pseudo English mark ....................................... MARION Solomon
MC over C ....................................... GATIEN M.
MD and pseudo English marks ....................................... McDONALD Daniel
MF and pseudo English mark ....................................... FORTIN Michel
MILLER over BREMNER and pseudo English marks .................... MILLER & BREMNER
MONARCH SILVER CO and a 'lion's head' ....................................... STANDARD SILVER CO
MORGAN into a 'crescent' ....................... MORGAN C.P.
MSB & Co and pseudo English marks .................. BROWN M.S. & Co (Thomas Brown)
MSB & Co and pseudo Englishmarks ..................... MS BROWN & CO
MSB and pseudo English marks ..................... BROWN Michael Septimus
MUNRO ....................................... MUNRO Alex
N.B and pseudo Englishmarks ....................................... BOURE Narcisse
N.BEAUDRY pseudo English mark STERLING ....................................... BEAUDRY Narcisse
N.M. MARKS ........................ MARKS N.M.
NW and pseudo English marks ........................ WALKER Nelson
O.MEVES amd pseudo English mark ....................................... MEVES Otto
OLMSTEAD ....................................... OLMSTEAD Charles A.
P.A and MONTREAL ....................................... ARNOLDI John Peter
P.EP and pseudo English marks ....................................... POULIN & CO P.E
P.H and MONTREAL ....................................... HUGUET Pierre dit Latour
P.L QUEBEC P.L ....................................... LESPERANCE Pierre
P.M. and pseudo English marks ....................................... MORIN Paul
P.W.ELLIS CO ....................................... ELLIS & COMPANY P.W.
PAGE BROS ...................... PAGE Bros
PAGE BROS ..................... PAGE Thomas
PAGE SMALLEY & FERGUSON ............... PAGE SMALLEY & FERGUSON
PB & RH and pseudo English lmark ....................................... BOHLE & HENDERY
PB and pseudo English mark ....................................... BOHLE Peter
PBs 'lion' StJ .......................... PAGE Bros
PELTON ....................................... PELTON
PL ....................................... LAMBERT Paul
PL and pseudo English mark ....................................... LESPERANCE Pierre
PN and H and pseudo English marks ....................................... NORDBECK Peter
PN and NS and pseudo English marks ................ NORDBECK Peter
PN and NS and pseudo English marks .................. NOVA SCOTIA SILVER C.B. & Co
POST ....................................... POST
POULIN and pseudo English marks ....................................... POULIN & CO P.E
R H ....................................... HEMSLEY Richard
R H TWEEDELL ....................................... TWEEDELL Richard Henry
R STERLING and pseudo English lion mark ....................................... RODEN BROS LTD
R.H and pseudo English marks ....................................... HENDERY Robert
R.HENDERY MONTREAL ....................................... HENDERY Robert
R.O ....................................... OSBORNE Robert
R.OSBORNE ............... OSBORNE Robert
R.SHARPLEY & SONS ............... SHARPLEY & SONS
R.U.MARSTERS .............. MARSTERS R.U.
R.W.&CO ....................... WILKS R. & CO
RB in scriptL ....................................... BLACHE René
RC in script and MONTREAL ....................................... CRUICKSHANK Robert
RHC and pseudo English marks ....................................... COGSWELL R.H.
RIDEAU PLATE ..................... BILSKY & Son
RKO and pseudo English mark ....................................... OLIVER Richard Kestell
ROSENTHAL ............. ROSENTHAL A.J.R
ROSENTHAL and pseudo English mark ....................................... ROSENTHAL Abraham
RP into a shield under a crown ....................................... PARADIS Roland
RS and pseudo English marks ....................................... SHARPLEY Rice
RT and St and pseudo English marks ....................................... THOMPSON Richard
RW&S STERLING ....................................... SPANENBERG Frederick W.
RYRIE ....................................... RYRIE Bros
S and C interwined ....................................... STERLING CRAFT LTD
S in script ....................................... SPANENBERG George
S&S and pseudo English marks ........... SHARPLEY & SON RICE
S.A.S ................. SPANENBERG S.A.
S.A.SAUNDERS ....................................... SAUNDERS S.A.
S.B. in script ....................................... BREADNER Samuel
S.B.W ....................................... WINDRUM S.B.
S.Bs ....................................... SMITH Bros.
S.H.M.& CO ....................................... SIMPSON HALL MILLER & Co
S.W.S and pseudo English marks ....................................... SMITH S.W.
SAUNDERS, LORIE & CO ........................ SAUNDERS, LORIE & CO
SAVAGE & LYMAN and English pseudo marks ....................... SAVAGE & LYMAN
SAVAGE and pseudo English mark ....................................... SAVAGE George
SAVAGE over & LYMAN ....................................... SAVAGE & LYMAN
SHEFFIELD HOUSE ....................................... SHEFFIELD HOUSE
SI or IS and pseudo English marks .................. SMELLIE James
SIMEON L. & GEORGE H ROGERS CO .................. ROGERS SIMEON L. & GEORGE H. CO
STANDARD SILVER CO flag ....................................... STANDARD SILVER CO
STERLING BM Co ....................................... BREADNER MANUFACTURING CO.


T and B intertwined ....................................... TULLY Henry Wentworth
T.A & CO .......................... T. ALLEN & Co.
T.B.STEACY ......................... STEACY T.B.
T.HAMMAN ........... HAMMAN Thomas
T.S.P and pseudo English marks ................... TORONTO SILVER PLATE COMPANY
TA and pseudo English mark ....................................... ALLAN THOMAS & CO
TA&Co and pseudo English mark ....................................... ALLAN THOMAS & CO
TASKER & SONS ............ TASKER & SONS
TBBROWN and HX and pseudo English marks ....................................... BROWN T.B.
TCJ and H ....................................... JOHNSON Thomas Charles
TCJ&S STERLING ....................................... JOHNSON Thomas Charles
TCJOHNSON&SONS ....................................... JOHNSON Thomas Charles
TH ................. HOSTERMAN Thomas
TJM ....................................... TORONTO JEWELRY MFG CO
V& W and pseudo English marks ....................................... VEITH & WITHAM
V.E.N.N.I.N.G and pseudo English marks ....................................... VENNING J H
VIKING PLATE ....................................... LIPMAN-LEVINTER INDUSTRIES LTD
VIKING PLATE ....................... VIKING PLATE
W.&P.M .................... WATSON & PELTON
W.BRAMLEY ............... BRAMLEY W.
W.C.M ........................... MORRISON W.C.
W.F and English pseudo marks ....................................... FAIRBANKS Whitcomb
W.G.YOUNG ....................... YOUNG W.G.
W.GRIGG ....................................... GRIGG William
W.H ....................................... HUNTER William
W.H. TRACY .................... TRACY William H.
W.H.KEARNEY .................... KEARNEY W.H.
W.H.KIRK ....................................... KIRK W.H.
W.H.N and pseudo English marks .................... NEWMAN William Herman
W.H.S ....................................... SAVAGE W.H.
W.I and pseudo English marks ....................................... INNES William
W.L and pseudo English marks ....................................... LEARMONT William
W.LEARMONT and pseudo English marks ....................................... LEARMONT William
W.M.C ....................................... CARMICHAEL WILLIAM MAURICE
W.S.W ............... WALKER William S.
W.V and pseudo English marks ....................................... VEITH William James
W.W ........................ WALKER William S.
WA & S and pseudo English mark ................ BLACK William A. & Samuel
WALKER ..................... WALKER William S.
WANLESS ................... WANLESS John
WATSON ....................................... WATSON
WB ....................................... BROTHERS Wm.
WC and pseudo English marks ....................................... CROWFORD William
WELCH & TROWERN ....................................... WELCH & TROWERN
WHN and pseudo English marks .................... NEWMAN William Herman
Wm A. ROGERS Ltd .................... Wm A.ROGERS Ltd
WM & S.BLACK and pseudo English mark ................ BLACK William A. & Samuel
WV and pseudo English marks ....................................... VEITH William James
WV and NB and pseudo English mark ................... VENNING William Norris
Y.S. & CO ....................................... Y.S. & Co
Z. McN & Co and pseudo Englishmarks ....................................... LOWE Wm.G.H.




HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

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