HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
A&JZ  mark, A & J Zimmerman Ltd, Birmingham 1905
A& JZ
A & J Zimmerman Ltd,
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
A&aLLd  mark, Adie & Lovekin Ltd, Birmingham 1904 A&aLLd  mark, Adie & Lovekin Ltd, Birmingham 1904
A&LLd
Adie & Lovekin Ltd,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
A BROS LTD mark, Adie Brothers Ltd , Birmingham 1960
A BROS LTD
Adie Brothers Ltd,
Birmingham 1960 hallmark
A.C into a shield mark, Alexander Clark, entered Oct 1894 - The Alexander Clark Manufacturing Company, entered May 1898, Sheffield 1898
A.C into a shield
Alexander Clark, entered Oct 1894
The Alexander Clark Manufacturing Company, entered May 1898
,
Sheffield 1898 hallmark
A.E.C mark, Birmingham 1972
A.E.C.,
Birmingham 1972 hallmark
A.E.J mark, A.E. Jones, Birmingham 1956
AEJ
A.E. Jones
Birmingham 1956 hallmark
AF mark, Alexander Field, London 1812
AF
Alexander Field,
London 1812 hallmark
AH mark, Alexander Henderson, Edimburgh 1799
AH
Alexander Henderson,
Edinburgh 1799 hallmark
A.M & Co mark, Sheffield 1919
A.M & Co
Sheffield 1919 hallmark
AR conjoined into a clover mark, Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd: Ackroyd Rhodes, London 1912
AR conjoined into a clover
Manoah Rhodes & Sons Ltd: Ackroyd Rhodes,
London 1912 hallmark
BB over SLd into a shield mark, Barker Bros Ltd, now Barker Ellis Co LTD, Birmingham 1932
BB over SLd into a shield
Barker Bros Ltd, now Barker Ellis Co LTD,
Birmingham 1932 hallmark
BE over SCo into a shield mark, Baker Ellis Silver Company, Birmingham 1967
BE over SCo into a shield
Baker Ellis Silver Company
Birmingham 1967 hallmark
B.Ld mark, Bishton's Ltd, Birmingham 1945
B.Ld
Bishton's Ltd
Birmingham 1945 hallmark
BRS mark, Sheffield 1930
BRS
Sheffield 1930 hallmark
B.S mark, Benjamin Smith, London 1835
B.S
Benjamin Smith,
London 1835 hallmark
B WMJS  RD into a shield mark, William, Michael & John Barnard & Sons with Robert Dubock, London 1900 B WMJS  RD into a shield mark, William, Michael & John Barnard & Sons with Robert Dubock, London 1900
B WMJS RD into a shield
William, Michael & John Barnard & Sons with Robert Dubock,
London 1900 hallmark
B & Co mark, Broadway and Co, Birmingham 1979
B & Co
Broadway and Co,
Birmingham 1979 hallmark
C & C mark, Collins & Cook, Birmingham 1965
C & C
Collins & Cook
Birmingham 1965 hallmark
CA.GA mark, Charles Asprey & George Asprey now Asprey & Co, London 1891 CA.GA mark, Charles Asprey & George Asprey now Asprey & Co, London 1891
CA.GA
Charles Asprey and George Asprey now Asprey & Co, London 1891 hallmark
CB mark, Charles Boyton I, London 1820
CB
Charles Boyton I,
London 1820 hallmark
CF mark, Charles Fox, London 1838
CB
Charles Fox,
London 1838 hallmark
CB mark, Charles Boyton I, London 1830
C.B
Charles Boyton I,
London 1830 hallmark
CB over & S into a shield mark, Cooper Brothers & Sons, Sheffield 1923
CB over &S into a shield
Cooper Brothers & Sons,
Sheffield 1923 hallmark
C.C mark, Charles Chesterman II , London 1786
C.C
Charles Chesterman II,
London 1786 hallmark
CF mark, Crispin Fuller, London 1806
CF
Crispin Fuller,
London 1806 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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