HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
CH mark,Charles Hougham, London 1787
CH
Charles Hougham,
London 1787 hallmark
C.L &S mark, Chester 1899
C.L &S
Chester 1899 hallmark
C&SLtd. mark, Sheffield 1937
C&SLtd
Clark & Sewell Ltd
Sheffield 1937 hallmark
CM mark, Charles March, Dublin 1821
CM
Charles March,
Dublin 1821 hallmark
C.P.S. mark, Birmingham 1966
C.P.S.
Birmingham 1966 hallmark
CRICHTON mark, George Crichton, Perth 1856
CRICHTON
George Crichton,
Perth 1856 hallmark
CS star FS mark, Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd, London 1889
CS star FS
Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings -Frank- Shepherd,
London 1889 hallmark
CS over H into a trefoil mark, Charles Stuart Harris, London 1899 CS over H into a trefoil mark, Charles Stuart Harris, London 1899
CS over H into a trefoil
Charles Stuart Harris,
London 1899 hallmark
CTF over GF mark, Charles Thomas Fox and George Fox, London 1857
CTF over GF
Charles Thomas Fox and George Fox,
London 1857 hallmark
CW Co mark, Cronin & Wheeler, Birmingham 1847
CWCo
Cronin & Wheeler,
Birmingham 1847 hallmark
D & F mark, Deakin & Francis, Birmingham 1903
D & F
Deakin & Francis,
Birmingham 1903 hallmark
D.M&Co mark, Davis, Moss & Co , Birmingham 1907
D.M&Co
Davis, Moss & Co,
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
DU over NH mark, Duncan Urquhart &Naphtali Hart, London 1832
DU over NH
Duncan Urquhart &Naphtali Hart,
London 1832 hallmark
E & Co mark, Elkington & Co Ltd , Birmingham 1867
E & Co
Elkington & Co Ltd
Birmingham 1867 hallmark
E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, London 1912 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Sheffield 1991
E & Co in script into a trefoil
Elkington & Co,
London 1912 hallmark
Birmingham 1938 hallmark
Sheffield 1971 hallmark







E & Co Ld into three circles
Elkington & Co,
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
Sheffield 1991 hallmark
E&N over S into a triangle mark, E & N Speak, Birmingham 1967
E& N over S into a triangle
E & N Speak,
Birmingham 1967 hallmark
EB mark, Elizabeth Bainbridge, Dublin 1802
EB
Elizabeth Bainbridge,
Dublin 1802 hallmark
EB over JB mark, Edward and John Barnard, Birmingham 1899
EB over JB
Edward and John Barnard,
Birmingham 1899 hallmark
EC mark,Ebenezer Coker, London 1773
EC
Ebenezer Coker,
London 1773 hallmark
E E mark, Elizabeth Eaton, London 1849
EE
Elizabeth Eaton,
London 1849 hallmark
E E over B under J W mark, Edward, Edward Jnr., John and W. Barnard, London 1830 IB mark, John Bettridge, Birmingham 1830
E E over B over J W
Edward, Edward Jnr., John and W. Barnard,
London 1830 hallmark
EFB mark, E F Braham, Birmingham 1924
EFB
E F Braham
Birmingham 1924 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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