HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
G.H.J mark, London 1903
G.H.J
London 1903 hallmark
GG, George Gray  mark struck over Peter and Anne Bateman
GG
George Gray struck over Peter and Anne Bateman
London 1795 hallmark
GG mark, George Gray,London 1905
GG
George Gray
London 1905 hallmark
GG into an oval mark, George Gilliam, London 1906
GG into an oval
George Gilliam
London 1906 hallmark
GH mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-, Sheffield 1904
GH mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-, Sheffield 1959
GH
Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-
Sheffield 1904 hallmark
Sheffield 1959 hallmark
GJ over DF mark, George Jackson &David Fullerton, London 1904
GJ over DF
George Jackson & David Fullerton,
London 1904 hallmark
GL conjoined mark, George Lambert, London 1899
GL conjoined
George Lambert,
London 1899 hallmark
GMJ mark, Josiah Williams & Co -George Maudsley Jackson-, London 1893
GMJ
Josiah Williams & Co -George Maudsley Jackson-,
London 1893 hallmark
G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Birmingham 1916 G.N over R.H into a shield mark, George Nathan &  Ridley Hayes, Chester 1896
G.N over R.H into a shield
George Nathan & Ridley Hayes,
Birmingham 1916 hallmark



Chester 1896 hallmark
GU mark, George Unite, Birmingham 1857
GU
George Unite,
Birmingham 1857 hallmark
GW under a crown mark, George Wickes , London 1743 GW under a crown mark, George Wickes , London 1743
GW under a crown
George Wickes ,
London 1743 hallmark
 GW mark, George Wintle, London 1819
GW
George Wintle,
London 1819 hallmark
G & S Co over LTD into a trefoil shape mark, Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Company, London 1930
G&S Co over LTD into a trefoil shape
Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Company,
London 1930 hallmark
H&H into three circles  mark, Hukin & Heath Ltd, London 1863
H&H into three circles
Hukin & Heath Ltd,
London 1863 hallmark
HA mark, Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin,  Sheffield 1909
HA
Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,
Sheffield 1909 hallmark
H.A mark,  Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,  Sheffield 1930
H.A
Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,
Sheffield 1930 hallmark
H.A.& Co mark, Birmingham 1916
H.A.& Co
Birmingham 1916 hallmark
HBrs mark, Hardy Bros, Birmingham 1928
H BRs into a shield
Hardy Bros
Birmingham 1928 hallmark
HCD mark, Henry Clifford Davis, Birmingham 1904
HCD
Henry Clifford Davis
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
HEB over FEB into a shield mark, Barker Bros (Erbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker), Sheffield 1925 HEB over FEB into a shield mark, Barker Bros (Erbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker), Chester 1918
HEB over FEB into a shield
Barker Bros (Erbert Edward Barker & Frank Ernest Barker)
Sheffield 1925 hallmark


Chester 1918 hallmark
H&CO mark, HAMILTON & CO, Calcutta 1912
H&CO into a trefoil
HAMILTON & CO,
Calcutta 1912 hallmark
HH into two circles mark, Henry Holland -of Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater-, London 1853
HH into two circles
Henry Holland -of Holland, Aldwinckle & Slater-,
London 1853 hallmark
HH&S mark, Henry Hobson & Son, Sheffield 1906
HH&S
Henry Hobson & Son,
Sheffield 1906 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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