HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
H&T mark, Hilliard & Tomason, Birmingham 1897
H&T
Hilliard & Thomason
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
HM mark, H Matthews, Birmingham 1912
HM
H Matthews,
Birmingham 1912 hallmark
H P  & S mark, H Pidduck & Sons, Birmingham 1919
H P & S
H Pidduck & Sons

Birmingham 1919 hallmark
H.S mark,Henry Stratford, Sheffield 1886
H.S
Henry Stratford
Sheffield 1886 hallmark
HT mark, Birmingham 1881
HT
Birmingham 1881 hallmark
H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Horace Woodward & Co Ltd, London 1915 H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Horace Woodward & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1910
H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil
Horace Woodward & Co Ltd,
London 1915 hallmark


Birmingham 1910 hallmark
IB mark, John Bettridge, Birmingham 1830 IB mark, John Bettridge, Birmingham 1830
IB
John Bettridge,
Birmingham 1830 hallmark
I star D mark, John Delmester or Dempster , London 1762
I star D
John Delmester or Dempster,
London 1762 hallmark
IET mark, John Edward Terrey, London 1825 IET mark, John Edward Terrey, London 1825
IET
John Edward Terrey,
London 1825 hallmark
IL mark, John Lambe, London 1781
IL
John Lambe,
London 1781 hallmark
I.L under a circle mark, John Langlands I, Newcastle 1757
I.L under a circle
John Langlands I,
Newcastle 1757 hallmark
IL over HL over CL  mark, John &  Henry & Charles Lias, London 1828
IL over HL over CL
John & Henry & Charles Lias,
London 1828 hallmark
IS mark, Birmingham 1936
IS
Birmingham 1936 hallmark
IS over G mark, Israel Sigmond Greenberg, Birmingham 1902
IS over G
Israel Sigmond Greenberg,
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
I.T mark, Joseph Taylor, Birmingham 1803
I.T
Joseph Taylor
Birmingham 1803 hallmark
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IW mark, John Walton, Newcastle 1813
IW
John Walton,
Newcastle 1813 hallmark
J.AC into an oval mark, James Adam Chalk, London 1866
J.AC into an oval
James Adam Chalk
London 1866 hallmark
JA over IA mark, Joseph & John Angell, London 1832
JA over IA
Joseph & John Angell,
London 1832 hallmark
J over ASH over E into a pointed cross mark, Joseph, Albert, Horace & Ethelbert Savory, London 1879
J over ASH over E into a pointed cross
Joseph, Albert, Horace & Ethelbert Savory,
London 1879 hallmark
JA over TS into a quatrefoil mark, John Aldwinckle & Thomas Slater , London 1890
JA over TS into a quatrefoil
John Aldwinckle & Thomas Slater,
London 1890 hallmark
JBC into a quatrefoil mark, Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-, London 1893 JBC into a quatrefoil mark, Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-, London 1893
JBC into a quatrefoil
Carrington & Co -John Bodman Carrington-
,
London 1893 hallmark
JBC over & S over Ld into a shield mark, JB Chatterley &a  Sons Ltd, Birmingham 1930
JBC over &S over Ld into a shield
JB Chatterley & Sons Ltd,
Birmingham 1930 hallmark
JC mark, John Crouch , London 1812
JC
John Crouch,
London 1812 hallmark
JC&S  mark, J. Cook & Sons, Birmingham 1914
JC&S
J. Cook & Sons
Birmingham 1914 hallmark
J.C Ltd  mark, Birmingham 1918
J.C Ltd
Birmingham 1918 hallmark
J.C.V Ltd  mark, John Collard Vickery, London 1924
J.C.V
John Collard Vickery
London 1924 hallmark
J.D & S mark, James Dixon & Son Sheffield 1920
J.D & S
James Dixon & Sons,
Sheffield 1920 hallmark
JD over WD mark,James Deakin & sons, Sheffield 1921
JD over WD
James Deakin & sons,
Sheffield 1921 hallmark
JE mark,John Emes, London 1807
JE
John Emes
London 1807 hallmark
J.G Ltd into three circles mark, J Gloster Ltd, Birmingham 1963
J.G Ltd into three circles
J Gloster Ltd
Birmingham 1963 hallmark
J.G &S mark, John Grinsell & Sons, Birmingham 1918 J.G &S mark, John Grinsell & Sons, Birmingham 1918
J.G &S
John Grinsell & Sons
Birmingham 1918 hallmark



London 1897 hallmark
JH mark, Joseph Hicks, Exeter 1824
JH
Joseph Hicks
Exeter 1824 hallmark
JH in script mark, Jonathan Hayne, London 1834
JH in script
Jonathan Hayne
London 1834 hallmark
J.H.P. mark, J H Potter, LSheffield 1890
J.H.P.
J H Potter
Sheffield 1890 hallmark
JL mark, John Linnit, London 1818
JL
John Linnit
London 1818 hallmark
JP mark, Sheffield 1891
JP
Sheffield 1891 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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