HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
R&D mark, Roberts & Dore, Birmingham 1931 R&D mark, Roberts & Dore, Sheffield 1931
R & D
Roberts & Dore,
Birmingham 1931 hallmark

Sheffield 1931 hallmark
RG in script under a crown mark, R & S Garrard & Co -Robert Garrard II-, London 1835
RG in script under a crown
R & S Garrard & Co -Robert Garrard II- ,
London 1835 hallmark
R.G mark, Robert Garrard, London 1805
R.G
Robert Garrard I,
London 1805 hallmark
RH mark, Robert Hennel, London 1868 RH mark, Robert Hennel, London 1869
RH
Robert Hennel,
London 1868 and 1869 hallmark
RH over DH mark, , Robert Hennell and David Hennell, London 1801
RH over DH
Robert Hennell and David Hennell,
London 1801 hallmark
RH over SH mark, , Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell, London 1809
RH over SH
Robert Hennell and Samuel Hennell,
London 1809 hallmark
RM over EH into a lozenge  mark, Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co-, Sheffield 1905
RM over EH into a lozenge
Richard Martin & Ebenezer Hall -Martin, Hall & Co- ,
London 1835 hallmark
R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, Chester 1914 R.P mark, Robert Pringle & Sons, London 1912
R.P
Robert Pringle & Sons
Chester 1914 hallmark


London 1912 hallmark
R fleur de lys P mark, Robert Peaston, London 1768
R fleur de lys P
Robert Peaston ,
London 1768 hallmark
RR mark, Richard Richardson, Sheffield 1904
RR
Richard Richardson,
Sheffield 1904 hallmark
RR mark, Richard Richardson, Sheffield 1904
RR
Robert Rutland,
London 1808 hallmark
R.S mark, Robert Scott, Glasgow 1858
R.S
Robert Scott,
Glasgow 1858 hallmark
SA over C into a trefoil mark, Hammond, Creake & Co -Saint Arnaud Creake- ,Sheffield 1910
SA over C into a trefoil
Hammond, Creake & Co -Saint Arnaud Creake- ,
Sheffield 1910 hallmark
S.B&S LD mark, S. Blanckensee and Son Ltd, Chester 1930
S.B&S LD
S. Blanckensee and Son Ltd,
Chester 1930 hallmark
SD into an oval mark, Stuart Devlin, London 1982
SD into an oval
Stuart Devlin,
London 1982 hallmark
SH mark, Solomon Hougham,London 1798
SH
Solomon Hougham,
London 1798 hallmark
SH over DC mark, Hayne & Cator, London 1840
SH over DC
Hayne & Cator,
London 1840 hallmark
SLd mark, William Suckling Ltd, Birmingham 1941
SLd
William Suckling Ltd
Birmingham 1941 hallmark
SM over & Co mark, Sampson Mordan & Co, London 1900 SM over & Co mark, Sampson Mordan & Co, London 1900
SM over & Co
Sampson Mordan & Co,
London 1900 hallmark
SP mark, Samuel Pemberton, Birmingham 1818
SP
Samuel Pemberton,
Birmingham 1818 hallmark
SW mark, Samuel Wood, London 1761
SW
Samuel Wood,
London 1761 hallmark
S&Co Ltd mark, Searle & Co Ltd, London 1939 S&Co Ltd mark, Searle & Co Ltd, London 1939
S&Co Ltd
Searle & Co Ltd,
London 1939 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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