HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
W.A mark, William Adams Ltd,  Birmingham 1940
W.A
William Adams Ltd,
Birmingham 1940 hallmark
WD mark, Birmingham 1910
WD
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
W.D mark, William Devemport, Birmingham 1904
W.D
William Devenport,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
WE mark, William Eaton, London 1841
WE
William Eaton,
London 1841 hallmark
WE mark, William Eley II, London 1808
WE
William Eley II,
London 1808 hallmark
W&S in a clover mark, West & Son, Dublin 1954
W&S in a clover
West & Son,
Dublin 1954 hallmark
WE over WF mark, William Eley & William Fearn, London 1815
WE over WF
William Eley & William Fearn,
London 1815 hallmark
WE over WF mark, William Eley, William Fearn & William Chawner, London 1808
WE over WF over WC
William Eley, William Fearn & William Chawner,
London 1808 hallmark
W.F over A.F mark, Fordham & Faulkner, Sheffield 1913
W.F over A.F
Fordham & Faulkner,
Sheffield 1913 hallmark
W.G over J.L  mark, Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman, Sheffield 1896
W.G over J.L
Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson &John Lawrence Langman
Sheffield 1896 hallmark
WG&S mark, William Greenwood & Sons, Birmingham 1927
WG&S
William Greenwood & Sons
Birmingham 1927 hallmark
WHH mark, William Hair Haseler, Birmingham 1939
WHH
William Hair Haseler
Birmingham 1939 hallmark
WH and JWH double mark, William Henderson and James W. Howden, Edinburgh 1820
WH and JWH (double mark)
William Henderson and James W. Howden,
Edinburgh 1820 hallmark
WH&Ss Ld mark, William Hutton & Sons, Birmingham 1905
WH&Ss Ld
William Hutton & Sons,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
WK mark, William Knight II or William King, London 1821
WK
William Knight II or William King,
London 1821 hallmark
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W.M.Co into three circles mark, Wilmott Manufacturing Co, Birmingham 1922
W.M.Co into three circles
Wilmott Manufacturing Co
Birmingham 1922 hallmark
W.N mark, William Needham, Sheffield 1906
W.N
William Needham
Sheffield 1906 hallmark
W.N mark, William Neale or William Neale & Sons, Chester 1903
W.N
William Neale or William Neale & Sons,
Chester 1903 hallmark
WN, William Nowill, Sheffield 1835
WN
William Nowill
in partnership with John Nowill
Sheffield 1835 hallmark
WP mark, William Pugh, Birmingham 1811
WP
William Pugh,
Birmingham 1811 hallmark
W.R.S mark, William Rawlings Sobey, Exeter 1837
W.R.S
William Rawlings Sobey,
Exeter 1837 hallmark
W.S, William Sumner, London 1805
W.S
William Sumner
London 1805 hallmark
WS over RC, William Sumner and Richard Crossley (entered 1775)
WS over RC
William Sumner and Richard Crossley
(entered 1775)
W S S mark, Sheffield 1910
WSS
Sheffield 1910 hallmark
WT mark, William Turner, London 1762 WT mark, William Turner, London 1762
WT
William Turner
London 1762 hallmark
(Grimwade 3353, 3906)
W.T mark, William Turton, London 177?
W.T
William Turton
London 177? hallmark
W over TC over C mark, Thomas & William Chawner , London 1768
W over TC over C
Thomas & William Chawner
London 1768 hallmark
W.W over W.D mark, Wright & Davies, London 1882
W.W over W.D
Wright & Davies,
London 1882 hallmark
W&H mark, Walker & Hall, Sheffield 1998
W&H
Walker & Hall,
Sheffield 1998 hallmark
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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